【引用本文】 刘庆龙, 焦杏春, 王晓春, 等. 贵屿电子废弃物拆解地及周边地区表层土壤中多溴联苯醚的分布趋势[J]. 岩矿测试, 2012, 31(6): 1006-1014.
 ,  ,  , et al. Spatial Distribution of PBDEs in Topsoils from Electronic Waste Dismantling Sites and the Surrounding Areas in Guiyu, Guangdong Province[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2012, 31(6): 1006-1014.

贵屿电子废弃物拆解地及周边地区表层土壤中多溴联苯醚的分布趋势

1. 

青岛大学化学化工与环境学院, 山东 青岛 266071

2. 

国家地质实验测试中心, 北京 100037

3. 

国家地质实验测试中心, 北京 100037

4. 

国家地质实验测试中心, 北京 100037

5. 

国家地质实验测试中心, 北京 100037

6. 

国家地质实验测试中心, 北京 100037

7. 

国家地质实验测试中心, 北京 100037

收稿日期: 2012-07-21  修回日期: 2012-08-16 

Spatial Distribution of PBDEs in Topsoils from Electronic Waste Dismantling Sites and the Surrounding Areas in Guiyu, Guangdong Province

1. 

College of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, China

2. 

National Research Center for Geoanalysis, Beijing 100037, China

3. 

National Research Center for Geoanalysis, Beijing 100037, China

4. 

National Research Center for Geoanalysis, Beijing 100037, China

5. 

National Research Center for Geoanalysis, Beijing 100037, China

6. 

National Research Center for Geoanalysis, Beijing 100037, China

7. 

National Research Center for Geoanalysis, Beijing 100037, China

Received Date: 2012-07-21
Revised Date: 2012-08-16

摘要:自2005年以来对电子垃圾拆解地广东贵屿地区多溴联苯醚(PBDEs)污染状况的研究主要集中在垃圾场源区,已不能代表PBDEs对其周边大范围地区的污染现状。为了评价贵屿镇及周边大范围不同土地利用类型的PBDEs污染情况,本文采用网格采样、索氏抽提、复合硅胶/氧化铝层析柱分离纯化、气相色谱-质谱联用技术分析了贵屿拆解场地及其周边72 km2地区表层土壤中8种PBDEs的含量及分布特征。结果显示,与2005年文献数据对比,贵屿镇水库周边土壤的PBDEs污染并无缓解趋势且仍在持续,水稻田土壤中污染有所降低;所有化合物中以十溴联苯醚(BDE 209)占主导,主要分布在贵屿镇及附近的电子垃圾拆解区,含量范围为0.4~720.9 ng/g(干重),是除BDE 209之外的7种化合物总量(变幅为nd~83 ng/g) 的10倍以上。PBDEs各化合物的地理分布情况受拆解地区和化合物蒸气压、水溶性等物化性质的影响而显示出显著的差异性:分子量较大的化合物分布在贵屿镇及紧邻村落电子废弃物拆解的主要源区;分子量居中的化合物的分布与特定地点有关;分子量较小的化合物以贵屿镇为中心向四周均匀扩散;且PBDEs从污染源向清洁地区扩散的途中发生了化合物分馏现象。

关键词: 电子废弃物场地, 表层土壤, 多溴联苯醚, 污染状况评价, 贵屿镇

Spatial Distribution of PBDEs in Topsoils from Electronic Waste Dismantling Sites and the Surrounding Areas in Guiyu, Guangdong Province

KEY WORDS: electronic, waste, dismantling, site, topsoil

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贵屿电子废弃物拆解地及周边地区表层土壤中多溴联苯醚的分布趋势

刘庆龙, 焦杏春, 王晓春, 路国慧, 盖楠, 杨永亮