【引用本文】 赖永忠, 季彦鋆, . 气相动态顶空进样-气相色谱-质谱法同时分析饮用水源水中57种挥发性有机物[J]. 岩矿测试, 2012, 31(5): 877-883.
 ,  . Simultaneous Determination of 57 Kinds of Volatile Organic Compounds in Drinking Water Using A Dynamic Headspace Sampling Method Coupled to Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2012, 31(5): 877-883.

气相动态顶空进样-气相色谱-质谱法同时分析饮用水源水中57种挥发性有机物

1. 

汕头市环境保护监测站, 广东 汕头 515041

2. 

上海市嘉定区环境监测站, 上海 201822

收稿日期: 2012-01-17 

Simultaneous Determination of 57 Kinds of Volatile Organic Compounds in Drinking Water Using A Dynamic Headspace Sampling Method Coupled to Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

1. 

Shantou Environmental Monitoring Station, Shantou 515041, China

2. 

Shanghai Jiading District Environmental Monitoring Station, Shanghai 201822, China

Received Date: 2012-01-17

摘要:气相动态顶空进样法是一种简单、环保和高灵敏度的样品前处理方法,在水样中挥发性有机物监测中的运用还有待研究。本研究应用气相动态顶空进样-气相色谱-质谱联用法测定饮用水源水中57种挥发性有机污染物,通过对比实验,优化了影响气相动态顶空进样方法灵敏度的主要因素,确定了较佳的样品盐度(30%)、平衡温度(40℃)、平衡时间(20 min)、吹脱捕集气流速(60 mL/min)及吹脱捕集时间(2 min)等前处理方法参数。采用优化的水样前处理条件,挥发性有机物标准曲线线性相关系数均大于0.9930(环氧氯丙烷为0.9821除外),方法检出限为0.2~7.0 μg/L,实际饮用水源水样品加标回收率为82.1%~143%,精密度(RSD)为0.1%~24%(n=3)。建立的气相动态顶空进样法,水样前处理过程自动化,可同时对水中几十种挥发性有机物进行分析,提高了分析效率;与常见的对水样气相和液相中目标物同时进行吹脱捕集的吹扫捕集法相比,因无需直接接触水样而减少了样品对仪器的污染。

关键词: 饮用水源水, 挥发性有机物, 气相动态顶空进样, 气相色谱-质谱法

Simultaneous Determination of 57 Kinds of Volatile Organic Compounds in Drinking Water Using A Dynamic Headspace Sampling Method Coupled to Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

KEY WORDS: drinking, source, water, volatile

本文参考文献

[1]

Wejnerowska G, Gaca J. Application of headspace solid-phase microextraction for determination of chloroorganic compounds in sewage samples [J]. Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods, 2008, 18: 543-550.

Wejnerowska G, Gaca J. Application of headspace solid-phase microextraction for determination of chloroorganic compounds in sewage samples [J]. Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods, 2008, 18: 543-550.

[2]

[3] Kubinec R, Adamuscin J, Jurdakova H, Foltin M, Ostrovsky I, Kraus A, Sojak L. Gas chromatographic determination of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes using flame ionization detector in water samples with direct aqueous injection up to 250μL [J]. Journal of Chromatography A, 2005, 1084(1): 90-94.

[3] Kubinec R, Adamuscin J, Jurdakova H, Foltin M, Ostrovsky I, Kraus A, Sojak L. Gas chromatographic determination of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes using flame ionization detector in water samples with direct aqueous injection up to 250μL [J]. Journal of Chromatography A, 2005, 1084(1): 90-94.

[3]

[4] Aeppli C, Berg M, Hofstetter T B, Kipfer R, Schwar-zenbach R P. Simultaneous quantification of polar and non-polar volatile organic compounds in water samples by direct aqueous injection-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry [J]. Journal of Chromatography A, 2008, 1181(1-2): 116-124.

[4] Aeppli C, Berg M, Hofstetter T B, Kipfer R, Schwar-zenbach R P. Simultaneous quantification of polar and non-polar volatile organic compounds in water samples by direct aqueous injection-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry [J]. Journal of Chromatography A, 2008, 1181(1-2): 116-124.

[4]

[10] [JP4]Safarova V I, Sapelnikova S V, Djazhenko E V, Teplova G I, Shajdulina G F, Kudasheva F K. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with headspace for the analysis of volatile organic compounds in waste water [J]. Journal of Chromatography B, 2004, 800(1-2): 325-330.

[10] [JP4]Safarova V I, Sapelnikova S V, Djazhenko E V, Teplova G I, Shajdulina G F, Kudasheva F K. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with headspace for the analysis of volatile organic compounds in waste water [J]. Journal of Chromatography B, 2004, 800(1-2): 325-330.

[5]

[11] Gaca J, Wejnerowska G. Determination of propane chlo-roderivatives in environmental samples [J]. Analytica Chimica Acta, 2005, 540(1): 55-60.

[11] Gaca J, Wejnerowska G. Determination of propane chlo-roderivatives in environmental samples [J]. Analytica Chimica Acta, 2005, 540(1): 55-60.

[6]

[13] EPA method 8260B,Volatile Organic Compounds by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) [S]. 1996.[ZK)]

[13] EPA method 8260B,Volatile Organic Compounds by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) [S]. 1996.[ZK)]

[7]

[17] Lee M R, Lee J S, Hsiang W S, Chen C M. Purge-and-trap gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in the analysis of volatile organochlorine compounds in water [J]. Journal of Chromatography A, 1997, 775(1-2): 267-274.

[17] Lee M R, Lee J S, Hsiang W S, Chen C M. Purge-and-trap gas chromatography-mass spectrometry in the analysis of volatile organochlorine compounds in water [J]. Journal of Chromatography A, 1997, 775(1-2): 267-274.

[8]

[18] Huybrechts T, Dewulf J, van Langenhove H. Priority volatile organic compounds in surface waters of the southern North Sea [J]. Environmental Pollution, 2005, 133(2): 255-264.

[18] Huybrechts T, Dewulf J, van Langenhove H. Priority volatile organic compounds in surface waters of the southern North Sea [J]. Environmental Pollution, 2005, 133(2): 255-264.

[9]

[21] Santos F J, Galceran M T, Fraisse D. Application of solid-phase microextraction to the analysis of volatile organic compounds in water [J]. Journal of Chromato-graphy A, 1996, 742(1-2): 181-189.

[21] Santos F J, Galceran M T, Fraisse D. Application of solid-phase microextraction to the analysis of volatile organic compounds in water [J]. Journal of Chromato-graphy A, 1996, 742(1-2): 181-189.

[10]

[22] Bahri M, Driss M R. Development of solid-phase micro-extraction for the determination of trihalomethanes in drinking water from Bizerte, Tunisia [J]. Desalination, 2010, 250(1): 414-417.

[22] Bahri M, Driss M R. Development of solid-phase micro-extraction for the determination of trihalomethanes in drinking water from Bizerte, Tunisia [J]. Desalination, 2010, 250(1): 414-417.

[11]

[23] Brown M A, Emmert G L. On-line monitoring of trihalo-methane concentrations in drinking water distribution systems using capillary membrane sampling gas chromatography [J]. Analytica Chimica Acta, 2006, 555(1): 75-83.

[23] Brown M A, Emmert G L. On-line monitoring of trihalo-methane concentrations in drinking water distribution systems using capillary membrane sampling gas chromatography [J]. Analytica Chimica Acta, 2006, 555(1): 75-83.

[12]

[24] Alonso M, Cerdan L, Godayol A, Anticó E, Sanchez J M. Headspace needle-trap analysis of priority volatile organic compounds from aqueous samples: Application to the analysis of natural and waste waters [J]. Journal of Chromatography A, 2011, 1218 (45): 8131-8139.

[24] Alonso M, Cerdan L, Godayol A, Anticó E, Sanchez J M. Headspace needle-trap analysis of priority volatile organic compounds from aqueous samples: Application to the analysis of natural and waste waters [J]. Journal of Chromatography A, 2011, 1218 (45): 8131-8139.

[13]

[25] Laaks J, Jochmann M A, Schilling B, Schmidt T C. In-tube extraction of volatile organic compounds from aqueous samples: An economical alternative to purge and trap enrichment [J]. Analytical Chemistry, 2010, 82(18): 7641-7648.

[25] Laaks J, Jochmann M A, Schilling B, Schmidt T C. In-tube extraction of volatile organic compounds from aqueous samples: An economical alternative to purge and trap enrichment [J]. Analytical Chemistry, 2010, 82(18): 7641-7648.

[14]

[26] Sarafraz-Yazdi A, Amiri A H, Ehaghi Z. Separation and determination of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and o-xylene compounds in water using directly suspended droplet microextraction coupled with gas chromatography-flame ionization detector [J]. Talanta, 2009, 78(3): 936-941.

[26] Sarafraz-Yazdi A, Amiri A H, Ehaghi Z. Separation and determination of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and o-xylene compounds in water using directly suspended droplet microextraction coupled with gas chromatography-flame ionization detector [J]. Talanta, 2009, 78(3): 936-941.

[15]

[28] Ghasemi E, Sillanpää M, Najafi N M. Headspace hollow fiber protected liquid-phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy for speciation and determination of volatile organic compounds of selenium in environmental and biological samples [J]. Journal of Chromatography A, 2011, 1218(3): 380-386.

[28] Ghasemi E, Sillanpää M, Najafi N M. Headspace hollow fiber protected liquid-phase microextraction combined with gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy for speciation and determination of volatile organic compounds of selenium in environmental and biological samples [J]. Journal of Chromatography A, 2011, 1218(3): 380-386.

[16]

[29] Peñalver A, Pocurull E, Borrull F, Marcé R M. Trends in solid-phase microextraction for determining organic pollutants in environmental samples [J]. Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 1999, 18(8): 557-568.

[29] Peñalver A, Pocurull E, Borrull F, Marcé R M. Trends in solid-phase microextraction for determining organic pollutants in environmental samples [J]. Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 1999, 18(8): 557-568.

[17]

[30] Glaser J A, Foerst D L, McKee G D, Quave S A, Budde W L. Trace analyses for wastewaters [J]. Environmental Science and Technology, 1981, 15(12): 1426-1435.

[30] Glaser J A, Foerst D L, McKee G D, Quave S A, Budde W L. Trace analyses for wastewaters [J]. Environmental Science and Technology, 1981, 15(12): 1426-1435.

引证文献(本文共被引用19次)

[1]

气相-动态顶空进样技术用于矿泉水中61种有机物的同时检测[J]. 梁鹏山,俞卫峰.  分析测试技术与仪器. 2014(02)

[2]

水中10种挥发性有机物的快速检测[J]. 许德刚,周林红,李羽中,晏欣.  油气田环境保护. 2015(01)

[3]

环氧乙烷/乙二醇生产装置废水中有机物分析与排放特征研究[D]. 林成豪.兰州交通大学 2016

[4]

气相动态顶空进样同时分析饮用水源水中17种有机物[J]. 赖永忠,王一刚.  中国给水排水. 2013(14)

[5]

吹扫捕集-快速气相色谱-质谱联用法测定水中54种挥发性有机物[J]. 黄旭锋,闫海阔,姚林江,王林.  环境工程学报. 2015(04)

[6]

顶空固相微萃取-气相色谱法测定生活饮用水中痕量1,4-二氧六环[J]. 胡宝梅.  绿色科技. 2017(08)

[7]

顶空液相微萃取技术在油气化探指标检测中的应用——以土壤苯系物指标检测为例[J]. 高俊阳,陈浙春,宁丽荣,卢丽,杨帆,黄欣,杨俊.  物探与化探. 2015(04)

[8]

吹扫捕集–气相色谱–质谱法同时测定环境水中101种挥发性有机物[J]. 张子豪,余建龙,李春燕,李全忠,王晶,彭莹,刘莹峰.  化学分析计量. 2016(06)

[9]

两种乳杆菌发酵西瓜汁的研究[D]. 徐柳柳.华南理工大学 2016

[10]

气相动态顶空进样同时分析饮用水源水中17种有机物[A]. 赖永忠,王一刚.创新驱动与转型发展,推动汕头腾飞——汕头市科协第七届学术年会优秀论文集[C]. 2014

[11]

气相动态顶空法分析水源水中61种挥发性有机物[J]. 林森峰,赖永忠.  中国环境管理干部学院学报. 2013(01)

[12]

基于积分球气室的光学气体检测系统设计与实现[D]. 廖海林.重庆大学 2016

[13]

顶空-气相色谱-质谱法测定地表水和废水中55种挥发性有机物含量[J]. 胡恩宇,杨丽莉,王美飞,刘晶,吴丽娟.  理化检验(化学分册). 2016(10)

[14]

静态顶空-气相色谱/质谱法同时检测环境水体中59种挥发性有机物[J]. 占美君,赖永忠.  分析测试技术与仪器. 2016(04)

[15]

气相-动态顶空进样-气相色谱/质谱法间接测定饮用水源水中苦味酸[J]. 张红,赖永忠,刘莺,郭岩.  中国测试. 2013(01)

[16]

气相-动态顶空进样-气相色谱/质谱法间接测定饮用水源水中苦味酸[A]. 张红,赖永忠,刘莺,郭岩.创新驱动与转型发展,推动汕头腾飞——汕头市科协第七届学术年会优秀论文集[C]. 2014

[17]

基于油中甲醇含量的油纸绝缘老化状态评估方法研究[D]. 江丹宇.西南交通大学 2017

[18]

养殖和野生长吻鮠肌肉营养品质评价和挥发性风味物质比较研究[D]. 曹静.上海海洋大学 2015

[19]

静态顶空-气相色谱-质谱法分析废水中苯系物的内标物优选[J]. 吴鉴原,赖永忠.  理化检验(化学分册). 2016(05)

相似文献(共20条)

[1]

孙玮琳, 沈斌, 汪双清, 龚迎莉. 自然水体和土壤中氯代烃和芳香烃类化合物分析测试方法研究. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(3): 174-178.

[2]

赖永忠. 顶空进样-固相微萃取测定饮用水源水中吡啶. 岩矿测试, 2011, 30(5): 596-600.

[3]

李义, 董建芳, 张宇. 地下水中挥发性有机物的吹扫捕集-气相色谱-质谱法测定. 岩矿测试, 2010, 29(5): 513-517.

[4]

冯丽, 李诚, 张彦, 张喜友. 吹扫捕集/气相色谱-质谱法测定地下水中30种挥发性有机物. 岩矿测试, 2012, 31(6): 1037-1042.

[5]

刘美美, 张小辉, 马娅妮, 李雪莹, 陶秋丽. 吹扫捕集-气相色谱-质谱联用法测定地下水中27种挥发性有机物. 岩矿测试, 2012, 31(3): 495-500.

[6]

陶文靖, 黄勤, 李胜生. 顶空进样-气相色谱-质谱法测定地下水中25种挥发性有机污染物. 岩矿测试, 2010, 29(5): 543-546.

[7]

张永涛, 张莉, 张琳. 短程选择离子扫描气相色谱-质谱法检测水中15种半挥发性有机物. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(6): 401-404.

[8]

李丽君, 汪寅夫, 王娜, 王海娇. 吹扫捕集-气相色谱/质谱法测定地下水中的挥发性有机物. 岩矿测试, 2010, 29(5): 547-551.

[9]

贾静, 饶竹. 吹扫捕集-气相色谱/质谱法测定土壤中挥发性有机化合物. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(6): 413-417.

[10]

汪瑾彦, 汤 桦, 陈大舟, 吴 雪, 冯 洁, 吴学丽, 李 蕾. 气相色谱-质谱法同时测定河流沉积物中多环芳烃和有机氯农药. 岩矿测试, 2010, 29(3): 225-230.

[11]

张道来, 林学辉, 周明, 陈军辉, 杨佰娟, 夏宁, 王小如. 气相色谱-质谱法快速测定罗氏海盘车中6种邻苯二甲酸酯类有机污染物. 岩矿测试, 2012, 31(1): 159-165.

[12]

邓海冬, 帅琴, 丁晓晓, 顾涛, 朱丹. 新型有机-无机杂化涂层-气相色谱/质谱联用测定正构烷烃性能研究. 岩矿测试, 2012, 31(6): 1015-1020.

[13]

曹孝文, 邹宽, 徐丹, 沈伟健, 练鸿振, 葛欣, 沈崇钰. 食品中有机氯农药和多氯联苯气相色谱-质谱分析的离子化方式. 岩矿测试, 2013, 32(1): 22-27.

[14]

汪雨, 刘聪, 陈舜琮, 武彦文. 气相色谱-质谱法初步鉴定不同品质的麝香. 岩矿测试, 2011, 30(1): 59-62.

[15]

费勇, 姚恩亲, 张海燕, 徐云, 许健. 吹扫捕集-气相色谱/质谱联用同时测定饮用水源地水中痕量挥发性有机物. 岩矿测试, 2010, 29(2): 127-130.

[16]

阎妮, 刘菲, 刘玉龙, 刘博. 土壤样品中挥发性有机物的提取方法研究. 岩矿测试, 2012, 31(1): 166-171.

[17]

陈卫明, 李庆霞, 张芳, 何小辉, 张勤. 加速溶剂萃取-气相色谱/气相色谱-质谱法测定土壤中7种多氯联苯. 岩矿测试, 2011, 30(1): 33-39.

[18]

贾静, 杨志鹏. 吹扫捕集-气相色谱/质谱法测定地下水中1,4-二噁烷. 岩矿测试, 2014, 33(4): 556-560.

[19]

左海英, 张琳, 刘菲, 桂建业. 水中挥发性有机物分析的影响因素和常见问题解决办法. 岩矿测试, 2013, 32(1): 124-127.

[20]

史双昕, 卢婉云, 邵丁丁, 张烃, 黄业茹. 气相色谱-质谱法分析土壤中十溴联苯醚. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(4): 274-278.

计量
  • PDF下载量(1633)
  • 文章访问量(1808)
  • 被引次数(19)
目录

Figures And Tables

气相动态顶空进样-气相色谱-质谱法同时分析饮用水源水中57种挥发性有机物

赖永忠, 季彦鋆