【引用本文】 张丽, 武振坤, 宋少华, 等. 原地宇宙成因核素暴露测年方法中石英的提取[J]. 岩矿测试, 2012, 31(5): 780-787.
 ,  ,  , et al. Extraction and Purification of Quartz for in situ Cosmogenic Nuclide Exposure Dating[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2012, 31(5): 780-787.

原地宇宙成因核素暴露测年方法中石英的提取

1. 

中国科学院地球环境研究所黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室, 陕西 西安 710075

2. 

西安加速器质谱中心, 陕西 西安 710061

3. 

中国科学院研究生院, 北京 100049

4. 

中国科学院地球环境研究所黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室, 陕西 西安 710075

5. 

西安加速器质谱中心, 陕西 西安 710061

6. 

中国科学院地球环境研究所黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室, 陕西 西安 710075

7. 

中国科学院地球环境研究所黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室, 陕西 西安 710075

8. 

中国科学院地球环境研究所黄土与第四纪地质国家重点实验室, 陕西 西安 710075

9. 

西安加速器质谱中心, 陕西 西安 710061

收稿日期: 2012-04-26 

基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目(2010CB833400) 国家自然科学基金项目(41023006)

Extraction and Purification of Quartz for in situ Cosmogenic Nuclide Exposure Dating

1. 

State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an 710075, China

2. 

Xi'an Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Center, Xi'an 710061, China

3. 

Graduate University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China

4. 

State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an 710075, China

5. 

Xi'an Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Center, Xi'an 710061, China

6. 

State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an 710075, China

7. 

State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an 710075, China

8. 

State Key Laboratory of Loess and Quaternary Geology, Institute of Earth Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an 710075, China

9. 

Xi'an Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Center, Xi'an 710061, China

Received Date: 2012-04-26

摘要:原地宇宙成因核素10Be和26Al的暴露年龄测定是近年来发展较快的测年技术,已在地学研究中得到广泛应用。该方法需要选用经一系列前处理过程获得的纯净石英作为待测样品,制备成BeO和Al2O3以供加速器质谱仪测量。因此获得高纯度的石英样品,是该测年方法的关键环节之一。本研究在已有报道的石英提纯化学流程的基础上,尝试对流程进行部分优化,通过实验对比不同粒径组分、不同固液比水浴振荡器和滚筒HF-HNO3蚀刻效果,确定使用HF-HNO3(1%或2%,固液比15.0 g/L)滚筒加热法刻蚀样品以去除铝硅酸盐,多钨酸钠重液分离样品中的石英和其他组分。优化的分离纯化流程应用于处理采自祁连山北缘河流阶地含石英的岩石样品,经纯化的石英纯度可达98%以上,Al的含量小于200 μg/g,表明采用优化的提取流程获得了高纯度的石英样品,可以满足10Be和26Al暴露测年所需样品要求。

关键词: 原地宇宙成因核素, 10Be, 26Al, 石英, 提取纯化

Extraction and Purification of Quartz for in situ Cosmogenic Nuclide Exposure Dating

KEY WORDS: in-situ, cosmogenic, nuclides, 10Be, 26Al

本文参考文献

[1]

Lal D, Peters B. Comic Ray Produced Radioactivity on Earth[M]//Fluegge S, Sitte K. Engyclopedia of Physics, Cosmic Rays Ⅱ. Berlin: Springer Verlag, 1967: 551-612.

Lal D, Peters B. Comic Ray Produced Radioactivity on Earth[M]//Fluegge S, Sitte K. Engyclopedia of Physics, Cosmic Rays Ⅱ. Berlin: Springer Verlag, 1967: 551-612.

[2]

Nishiizumi K, Lal D, Klein J, Middleton R, Arnold J R. Production of 10Be and 26Al by cosmic rays in terrestrial quartz in situ and implications for erosion rates [J]. Nature, 1986, 319: 134-136.

Nishiizumi K, Lal D, Klein J, Middleton R, Arnold J R. Production of 10Be and 26Al by cosmic rays in terrestrial quartz in situ and implications for erosion rates [J]. Nature, 1986, 319: 134-136.

[3]

Kong P, Fink D, Na C G, Huang F X. Late Quaternary glaciation of the Tianshan, Central Asia, using cosmogenic 10Be surface exposure dating [J]. Quaternary Research, 2009, 72(2): 229-233.

Kong P, Fink D, Na C G, Huang F X. Late Quaternary glaciation of the Tianshan, Central Asia, using cosmogenic 10Be surface exposure dating [J]. Quaternary Research, 2009, 72(2): 229-233.

[4]

Rood D H, Burbank D W, Finkel R C. Chronology of glaciations in the Sierra Nevada, California, from 10Be surface exposure dating [J]. Quaternary Science Reviews, 2011, 30(5-6): 646-661.

Rood D H, Burbank D W, Finkel R C. Chronology of glaciations in the Sierra Nevada, California, from 10Be surface exposure dating [J]. Quaternary Science Reviews, 2011, 30(5-6): 646-661.

[5]

Greg B. Contributions and unrealized potential contribu-tions of cosmogenic-nuclide exposure dating to glacier chronology, 1990-2010 [J]. Quaternary Science Reviews, 2011, 30(1-2): 3-27.

Greg B. Contributions and unrealized potential contribu-tions of cosmogenic-nuclide exposure dating to glacier chronology, 1990-2010 [J]. Quaternary Science Reviews, 2011, 30(1-2): 3-27.

[6]

Perrineau A, Woerd J V D, Gaudemer Y, Jing L Z, Pik R, Tapponnier P, Thuizat R, Zheng R Z. Incision rate of the Yellow River in Northeastern Tibet constrained by 10Be and 26Al cosmogenic isotope dating of fluvial terraces: Implications for catchment evolution and plateau building [J]. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 2011, 353(1): 189-219.

Perrineau A, Woerd J V D, Gaudemer Y, Jing L Z, Pik R, Tapponnier P, Thuizat R, Zheng R Z. Incision rate of the Yellow River in Northeastern Tibet constrained by 10Be and 26Al cosmogenic isotope dating of fluvial terraces: Implications for catchment evolution and plateau building [J]. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 2011, 353(1): 189-219.

[7]

Rixhon G, Braucher R, Bourlès D, Siame L, Bovy B, Demoulin A. Quaternary river incision in NE Ardennes (Belgium)—Insights from 10Be/26Al dating of river Terraces [J]. Quaternary Geochronology, 2011, 6(2): 273-284.

Rixhon G, Braucher R, Bourlès D, Siame L, Bovy B, Demoulin A. Quaternary river incision in NE Ardennes (Belgium)—Insights from 10Be/26Al dating of river Terraces [J]. Quaternary Geochronology, 2011, 6(2): 273-284.

[8]

Lee S Y, Seong Y B, Shin Y K, Choi K H, Kang H C, Choi J H. Cosmogenic 10Be and OSL dating of fluvial strath terraces along the Osipcheon River, Korea: Tectonic implications [J]. Geosciences Journal, 2011, 15: 359-378.

Lee S Y, Seong Y B, Shin Y K, Choi K H, Kang H C, Choi J H. Cosmogenic 10Be and OSL dating of fluvial strath terraces along the Osipcheon River, Korea: Tectonic implications [J]. Geosciences Journal, 2011, 15: 359-378.

[9]

Palumbo L, Hetzel R, Tao M X, Li X. Topographic and lithologic control on catchment-wide denudation rates derived from cosmogenic 10Be in two mountain ranges at the margin of NE Tibet [J]. Geomorphology, 2010, 117(1-2): 130-142.

Palumbo L, Hetzel R, Tao M X, Li X. Topographic and lithologic control on catchment-wide denudation rates derived from cosmogenic 10Be in two mountain ranges at the margin of NE Tibet [J]. Geomorphology, 2010, 117(1-2): 130-142.

[10]

Henck A C, Huntington K W, Stone J O, Montgomery D R, Hallet B. Spatial controls on erosion in the Three Rivers Region, southeastern Tibet and southwestern China [J]. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2011, 303(1-2): 71-83.

Henck A C, Huntington K W, Stone J O, Montgomery D R, Hallet B. Spatial controls on erosion in the Three Rivers Region, southeastern Tibet and southwestern China [J]. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2011, 303(1-2): 71-83.

[11]

Champagnac J D, Yuan D Y, Ge W P, Molnar P, Zheng W J. Slip rate at the north-eastern front of the Qilian Shan, China [J]. Terra Nova, 2010, 22(30): 180-187.

Champagnac J D, Yuan D Y, Ge W P, Molnar P, Zheng W J. Slip rate at the north-eastern front of the Qilian Shan, China [J]. Terra Nova, 2010, 22(30): 180-187.

[12]

Blisniuk K, Rockwell T, Owen L A, Oskin M, Lippincott C, Caffee M W, Dortch Jason. Late Quaternary slip rate gradient defined using high-resolution topography and 10Be dating of offset landforms on the southern San Jacinto Fault zone, California [J]. Journal of Geophysical Research, 2010, 115, B08401, 11PP.

Blisniuk K, Rockwell T, Owen L A, Oskin M, Lippincott C, Caffee M W, Dortch Jason. Late Quaternary slip rate gradient defined using high-resolution topography and 10Be dating of offset landforms on the southern San Jacinto Fault zone, California [J]. Journal of Geophysical Research, 2010, 115, B08401, 11PP.

[13]

Sanchez G, Rolland Y, Corsini M, Braucher R, Bourlès D, Arnold M, Aumatre G. Relationships between tectonics, slope instability and climate change: Cosmic ray exposure dating of active faults, landslides and glacial surfaces in the SW Alps [J]. Geomorphology, 2010, 117(1-2): 1-13.

Sanchez G, Rolland Y, Corsini M, Braucher R, Bourlès D, Arnold M, Aumatre G. Relationships between tectonics, slope instability and climate change: Cosmic ray exposure dating of active faults, landslides and glacial surfaces in the SW Alps [J]. Geomorphology, 2010, 117(1-2): 1-13.

[14]

吕延武,顾兆炎, Aldahan A,张虎才, Possnert G,雷国良.内蒙古额济纳盆地戈壁10Be暴露年龄与洪积作用的演化 [J]. 科学通报, 2010, 55(27-28): 2719

-2727.

[15]

Vassallo R, Ritz J F, Carretier S. Control of geomorphic processes on 10Be concentrations in individual clasts: Complexity of the exposure history in Gobi-Altay range (Mongolia) [J].Geomorphology,2011,135(1-2): 35-47.

Vassallo R, Ritz J F, Carretier S. Control of geomorphic processes on 10Be concentrations in individual clasts: Complexity of the exposure history in Gobi-Altay range (Mongolia) [J].Geomorphology,2011,135(1-2): 35-47.

[16]

Lal D, Arnold J R. Tracing quartz through the environment [J]. Process Indian Academy Science (Earth Planet Science), 1985, 94(1): 1-5.

Lal D, Arnold J R. Tracing quartz through the environment [J]. Process Indian Academy Science (Earth Planet Science), 1985, 94(1): 1-5.

[17]

Brown E T, Edmond J M, Raisbeck G M, Yiou F, Kurz M D, Brook E J. Examination of surface exposure ages of Antarcitc moraines using in situ procluced 10Be and 26Al [J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 1991, 55(8): 2269-2283.

Brown E T, Edmond J M, Raisbeck G M, Yiou F, Kurz M D, Brook E J. Examination of surface exposure ages of Antarcitc moraines using in situ procluced 10Be and 26Al [J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 1991, 55(8): 2269-2283.

[18]

Gosse J C, Phillips F M. Terrestrial in situ cosmogenic nuclides: Theory and application [J]. Quaternary Science Reviews, 2001, 20: 1475-1560.

Gosse J C, Phillips F M. Terrestrial in situ cosmogenic nuclides: Theory and application [J]. Quaternary Science Reviews, 2001, 20: 1475-1560.

[19]

von Friedhelm B. The control mechanisms of erosion and weathering at basin scale from cosmogenic nuclides in river sediment [J]. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2005, 237: 462-479.

von Friedhelm B. The control mechanisms of erosion and weathering at basin scale from cosmogenic nuclides in river sediment [J]. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2005, 237: 462-479.

[20]

Kohl C P, Nishiizumi K. Chemical isolation of quartz for measurement of in-situ-produced cosmogenic nuclides [J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 1992, 56: 3583-3587.

Kohl C P, Nishiizumi K. Chemical isolation of quartz for measurement of in-situ-produced cosmogenic nuclides [J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 1992, 56: 3583-3587.

[21]

Ivy-Ochs S. The dating of rock surfaces using in situ produced 10Be, 26Al and 36Cl, with examples from Antarctica and the Swiss Alps. Oregon: Oregon Statae University. 1996.

Ivy-Ochs S. The dating of rock surfaces using in situ produced 10Be, 26Al and 36Cl, with examples from Antarctica and the Swiss Alps. Oregon: Oregon Statae University. 1996.

[22]

徐孝彬,王建,陈仕涛.陆面岩石中生成的同位素10Be与26Al的实验室提取方法 [J].南京师大学报:自然科学版, 2003, 26(1): 111-115

, 120.

[23]

那春光,孔屏,黄费新,肖伟.原地生成宇宙成因核素10Be和26Al样品采集及处理 [J].岩矿测试, 2006, 25(2): 101-106.

[24]

郑荣章,陈桂华,徐锡伟,李建平.原地宇宙成因核素测年中石英样品分离提纯的几组实验对比 [J].地震地质, 2010, 32(2): 303-311.

[25]

Sridhsr K, Jackson M L, Clayton R N. Quartz oxygen isotopic stability in relation to isolation from sediments and diversity of source [J]. Soil Science Society America Journal, 1975, 39(6): 1209-1213.

Sridhsr K, Jackson M L, Clayton R N. Quartz oxygen isotopic stability in relation to isolation from sediments and diversity of source [J]. Soil Science Society America Journal, 1975, 39(6): 1209-1213.

[26]

Syers J K, Chapman S L, Jackson M L, Rex R W, Clayton R N. Quartz isolation from rocks, sediments, and soils for determination of oxygen isotopic composition [J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 1968, 32(9): 1022-1025.

Syers J K, Chapman S L, Jackson M L, Rex R W, Clayton R N. Quartz isolation from rocks, sediments, and soils for determination of oxygen isotopic composition [J]. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 1968, 32(9): 1022-1025.

[27]

Corbett L B, Young N E, Bierman P R, Briner J P, Neumann T A, Rood D H, Graly J A. Paired bedrock and boulder 10Be concentrations resulting from early Holocene ice retreat near Jakobshavn Isfjord, western Greenland [J]. Quaternary Science Reviews, 2011, 30(13-14): 1739-1749.

Corbett L B, Young N E, Bierman P R, Briner J P, Neumann T A, Rood D H, Graly J A. Paired bedrock and boulder 10Be concentrations resulting from early Holocene ice retreat near Jakobshavn Isfjord, western Greenland [J]. Quaternary Science Reviews, 2011, 30(13-14): 1739-1749.

[28]

Wilson P, Bentley M J, Schnabel C, Clark R, Xu S. Stone run (block stream) formation in the Falkland Islands over several cold stages, deduced from cosmogenic isotope (10Be and 26Al) surface exposure dating [J]. Journal of Quaternary Science, 2008, 23: 461-473.

Wilson P, Bentley M J, Schnabel C, Clark R, Xu S. Stone run (block stream) formation in the Falkland Islands over several cold stages, deduced from cosmogenic isotope (10Be and 26Al) surface exposure dating [J]. Journal of Quaternary Science, 2008, 23: 461-473.

[29]

Glasser N F, Clemmens S, Schnabelb C, Fentonb C R, McHarguec L. Tropical glacier fluctuations in the Cordillera Blanca, Peru between 12.5 and 7.6 ka from cosmogenic 10Be dating [J]. Quaternary Science Reviews, 2009, 28(27-28): 3448-3458.

Glasser N F, Clemmens S, Schnabelb C, Fentonb C R, McHarguec L. Tropical glacier fluctuations in the Cordillera Blanca, Peru between 12.5 and 7.6 ka from cosmogenic 10Be dating [J]. Quaternary Science Reviews, 2009, 28(27-28): 3448-3458.

[30]

戴强,唐甲莹,程正柄.石英-长石浮选分离的进展 [J].非金属矿, 1996, 110(2): 16-18

, 21.

[31]

马玉珍.用粒浮法分离石英和长石的点滴体会 [J].地质实验室, 1988, 5(4): 252-252

, 208.

[32]

刘羽.实验分析用纯矿物的分离——Franz磁选仪与多钨酸钠重液联用法 [J].武汉化工学院学报, 1998, 20(3): 37-39.

[33]

段体玉,王时麒, Faiia A M.多钨酸钠超声高速离心法-分离提纯微细矿物的新方法 [J].地质与勘探, 2001, 37(5): 38-40.

[34]

李善营,于炳松, Dong H L,刘英超. 重液材料多钨酸钠在青海湖沉积物重力分离中的应用 [J].矿物岩石地球化学通报, 2008, 27(1): 69-71.

[35]

Child D, Elliott G, Mifsud C, Smith A M, Fink D. Sample processing for earth science studies at ANTARES [J].Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B, 2000, 172: 856-860.

Child D, Elliott G, Mifsud C, Smith A M, Fink D. Sample processing for earth science studies at ANTARES [J].Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B, 2000, 172: 856-860.

[36]

张丽,周卫健,常宏,赵国庆,宋少华,武振坤.暴露测年样品中26Al和10Be分离及其加速器质谱测定 [J].岩矿测试, 2012, 31(1): 83-89.

相似文献(共18条)

[1]

任静, 李超, 刘宇平, 武振坤, 任磊. 河流阶地样品中石英纯化和宇宙核素10Be和26Al分离方法研究. 岩矿测试, 2018, 37(3): 275-282. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201710310171

[2]

张丽, 周卫健, 常宏, 赵国庆, 宋少华, 武振坤. 暴露测年样品中26Al和10Be分离及其加速器质谱测定. 岩矿测试, 2012, 31(1): 83-89.

[3]

黄费新, 那春光, 肖伟, 孔屏. 原地生成宇宙成因核素^10Be和^26Al样品采集及处理. 岩矿测试, 2006, 25(2): 101-106.

[4]

范晓媛, 陈忠, 刘晓, 曾凡刚, 席英玉. 含石英二元矿物复配物对聚丙烯酰胺吸附的协同效应. 岩矿测试, 2003, (2): 134-136.

[5]

邬象隆, 业渝光, 陈锡康, 刁少波. 沉积物中石英E'心的热力学特性及其地质应用意义. 岩矿测试, 2000, (1): 4-6.

[6]

李海旭, 沈冠军, 周耀明. 宇生核素26Al/10Be埋藏测年法铝化学分析程序的改进. 岩矿测试, 2013, 32(4): 555-560.

[7]

王轶, 常娜, 刘亚非, 赵慧博, 刘三. 应用X射线衍射-激光拉曼-电子探针等分析测试技术研究旬阳朱砂玉的矿物学特征. 岩矿测试, 2014, 33(6): 802-807. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.2014.06.007

[8]

任静, 刘宇平, 杜谷, 李建忠, 高永娟. 原地生成宇宙成因核素在地学研究中的应用. 岩矿测试, 2012, 31(4): 576-581.

[9]

王龙山, 胡建平, 王光照, 郝辉. 偏硼酸锂熔矿-超声提取-电感耦合等离子体发射光谱法测定岩石水系沉积物土壤样品中硅铝铁等10种元素. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(4): 287-290.

[10]

陶恭益. 石英包裹体中液相成分的测定. 岩矿测试, 1996, (2): 143-146.

[11]

孙有斌. 黄土样中石英单矿物的分离. 岩矿测试, 2001, (1): 23-26.

[12]

陈能松, 杨勇. 次生石英的紫外阴极发光机理及意义. 岩矿测试, 2003, (1): 1-4.

[13]

彭惠娟, 汪雄武*, 唐菊兴, 王登红, 秦志鹏, 侯林, 周云. 石英阴极发光在火成岩研究中的应用. 岩矿测试, 2010, 29(2): 153-160.

[14]

张继县. 石英缝管技术火焰原子吸收测定化探样品中痕量金. 岩矿测试, 1990, (3): 216-218.

[15]

王明慧, 郑衍生. 电热石英管中氢化锗原子化过程的研究. 岩矿测试, 1993, (2): 101-104.

[16]

邱登峰, 云金表, 刘全有, 樊德华. 断层电子自旋共振定年中石英信号强度的影响因素分析. 岩矿测试, 2017, 36(1): 22-31. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.2017.01.004

[17]

张勇, 周丹怡, 陈华, 陆太进, 柯捷. 应用同步辐射技术解析黄色-红色石英质玉石中的致色矿物. 岩矿测试, 2016, 35(5): 513-520. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.2016.05.010

[18]

刘瑱, 马玲, 时晓露, 查立新. 石英岩化学成分分析标准物质研制. 岩矿测试, 2014, 33(6): 849-856.

计量
  • PDF下载量(1069)
  • 文章访问量(1141)
  • 被引次数(0)
目录

Figures And Tables

原地宇宙成因核素暴露测年方法中石英的提取

张丽, 武振坤, 宋少华, 常宏, 赵国庆