【引用本文】 李烨, 潘涛, 刘菲, 等. 四氯乙烯在不同地下水环境的生物共代谢降解[J]. 岩矿测试, 2012, 31(4): 682-688.
 ,  ,  , et al. Co-metabolism Biodegradation of Tetrachloroethylene under Different Groundwater Conditions[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2012, 31(4): 682-688.

四氯乙烯在不同地下水环境的生物共代谢降解

1. 

北京市环境保护科学研究院国家城市环境污染控制工程技术研究中心, 国家环境保护 工业废水污染控制工程技术(北京)中心, 北京 100037

2. 

北京市环境保护科学研究院国家城市环境污染控制工程技术研究中心, 国家环境保护 工业废水污染控制工程技术(北京)中心, 北京 100037

3. 

中国地质大学(北京)水资源与环境工程北京市重点实验室, 北京 100083

4. 

沈阳水务集团, 辽宁 沈阳 110003

5. 

沈阳水务集团, 辽宁 沈阳 110003

收稿日期: 2012-03-02 

基金项目: 住房和城乡建设部水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项"地下水源城市饮用水安全保障共性技术研究与示范"课题(2009ZX07424-002)

Co-metabolism Biodegradation of Tetrachloroethylene under Different Groundwater Conditions

1. 

National Urban Environment Pollution Control Engineering Techniques Research Center, Beijing Municipal Research Institute of Environmental Protection, National Environmental Protection Industrial Sewage Pollution Control Engineering Techniques Center (Beijing), Beijing 100037, China

2. 

National Urban Environment Pollution Control Engineering Techniques Research Center, Beijing Municipal Research Institute of Environmental Protection, National Environmental Protection Industrial Sewage Pollution Control Engineering Techniques Center (Beijing), Beijing 100037, China

3. 

Beijing Key Laboratory of Water Resources & Environmental Engineering, China University of Geosciences (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China

4. 

Shenyang Water Affairs Group, Shenyang 110003, China

5. 

Shenyang Water Affairs Group, Shenyang 110003, China

Received Date: 2012-03-02

摘要:四氯乙烯是地下水中常见的污染物,采用生物方法进行处理的优点是可以实现无害化、无二次污染、处理成本低。四氯乙烯只能在厌氧条件下发生还原脱氯,目前对产甲烷环境下四氯乙烯的降解研究较多,而对较弱还原环境,如反硝化、铁锰还原和硫酸盐还原环境下四氯乙烯的脱氯行为研究甚少。本文采用批实验,研究了在不同地下水环境,包括反硝化、铁还原、硫酸盐还原、混合电子受体和天然地下水环境下四氯乙烯的脱氯性能。结果表明,铁还原环境的四氯乙烯脱氯效果最好,天然地下水环境次之,四氯乙烯的去除率分别达到91.34%和84.71%,四氯乙烯很快转化为三氯乙烯,并可以进一步转化为二氯乙烯,四氯乙烯的降解符合准一级反应动力学方程。在反硝化、硫酸盐还原、混合电子受体环境,四氯乙烯的去除以挥发为主,降解只占很小的比例,且最终的降解产物只有三氯乙烯。地下水中三价铁的存在,对于四氯乙烯脱氯起促进作用;而当地下水中硝酸盐和硫酸盐的浓度较高时,四氯乙烯脱氯受到抑制。

关键词: 地下水, 四氯乙烯, 生物降解, 共代谢

Co-metabolism Biodegradation of Tetrachloroethylene under Different Groundwater Conditions

KEY WORDS: groundwater, tetrachloroethylene, biodegradation, co-metabolism

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四氯乙烯在不同地下水环境的生物共代谢降解

李烨, 潘涛, 刘菲, 李森, 郭淼