【引用本文】 严爽, 黄康俊, 付勇, 等. 铝土矿中锂同位素分离提纯方法的建立[J]. 岩矿测试, 2020, 39(1): 41-52. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.2019081201275
YAN Shuang , HUANG Kang-jun , FU Yong , et al. The Establishment of Methods for Separating and Purifying Lithium Isotopes in Bauxite[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2020, 39(1): 41-52. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.2019081201275


1. 贵州大学资源与环境工程学院, 贵州 贵阳 550025;

2. 贵州大学喀斯特地质资源与环境教育部重点实验室, 贵州 贵阳 550025;

3. 西北大学地质学系, 大陆动力学国家重点实验室, 陕西 西安 710069;

4. 中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所, 北京 100037

收稿日期: 2019-08-12  修回日期: 2019-09-12 

基金项目: 国家重点研发计划深地资源勘查开采专题(2017YFC0602701);中国地质调查局中国矿产地质志项目(DD20160346,DD20190379);贵州省人才基地项目(RCJD2018-21)

作者简介: 严爽,硕士研究生,地质学专业。E-mail:yanshuang1031@163.com。。

The Establishment of Methods for Separating and Purifying Lithium Isotopes in Bauxite

1. College of Resource and Environmental Engineering, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025, China;

2. Guizhou University, Key Laboratory of Karst Georesources and Environment, Ministry of Education, Guiyang 550025, China;

3. State Key Laboratory of Continental Dynamics, Department of Geology, Northwest University, Xi'an 710069, China;

4. Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China

Received Date: 2019-08-12
Revised Date: 2019-09-12


关键词: 铝土矿, 伴生锂, 分离提纯, 锂同位素, MC-ICP-MS, 标准物质

The Establishment of Methods for Separating and Purifying Lithium Isotopes in Bauxite

KEY WORDS: bauxite, associated lithium, separation and purification, Li isotope, MC-ICP-MS, standard materials



Pistiner J S,Henderson G M.Lithium-isotope fractionation during continental weathering processes[J].Earth & Planetary Science Letters, 2003,214(1):327-339.


Tomascak,Magna P,Dohmen T,et al.Advances in lithium isotope geochemistry[M].Germany,Berlin:Springer-Verlag,2016.


Huh Y,Chan L H,Zhang L,et al.Lithium and its isotopes in major world rivers:Implications for weathering and the oceanic budget[J].Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,1998,62(12):2039-2051.


Lemarchand E,Chabaux F,Vigier N,et al.Lithium isotope systematics in a forested granitic catchment (Strengbach,Vosges Mountains,France)[J].Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,2010,74(16):4612-4628.


Liu X M,Rudnick R L,Mcdonough W F,et al.Influence of chemical weathering on the composition of the continental crust:Insights from Li and Nd isotopes in bauxite profiles developed on Columbia River Basalts[J].Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,2013,115(5):73-91.



Wang Q L,Zhao Z Q,Liu C Q,et al.Separation and isotopic determination of lithium in natural samples[J].Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry,2006,34(6):764-768.


Zack T,Tomascak P B,Rudnick R L,et al.Extremely light Li in orogenic eclogites:The role of isotope fractionation during dehydration in subducted oceanic crust[J].Earth & Planetary Science Letters,2003,208(3):279-290.


Brant C,Coogan L A,Gillis K M,et al.Lithium and Li-isotopes in young altered upper oceanic crust from the East Pacific Rise[J].Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,2012,96(none):272-293.


Chan L H,Lassiter J C,Hauri E H,et al.Lithium isotope systematics of lavas from the Cook-Austral Islands:Constraints on the origin of HIMU mantle[J].Earth and Planetary Science Letters,2009,277(3-4):433-442.


Tang Y J,Zhang H F,Deloule E,et al.Slab-derived lithium isotopic signatures in mantle xenoliths from northeastern North China Craton[J].Lithos,2012,149(1):79-90.


Cullen J T,Hurwitz S,Barnes J D,et al.Temperature-dependent variations in mineralogy,major element chemistry and the stable isotopes of boron,lithium and chlorine resulting from hydration of rhyolite:Constraints from hydrothermal experiments at 150 to 350℃ and 25MPa[J].Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,2019,261:269-287.


Bottomley D J,Katz A,Chan L H,et al.The origin and evolution of Canadian Shield brines:Evaporation or freezing of seawater? New lithium isotope and geochemical evidence from the Slave craton[J].Chemical Geology,1999,155(3-4):295-320.


Orberger B,Rojas W,Millot R,et al.Stable isotopes (Li,O,H) combined with brine chemistry:Powerful tracers for Li origins in Salar deposits from the Puna Region,Argentina[J].Procedia Earth and PlanetaryScience,2015,13:307-311.



Li J S,Ling Z Y,Shan F S,et al.Hydrogen,oxygen and strontium isotopes indication on origin of lithium-rich salt lakes in Eastern Kunlun mountains[J].Wetland Science,2019,17(4):391-398.


Magna T,Wiechert U,Halliday A N.New constraints on the lithium isotope compositions of the Moon and terrestrial planets[J].Earth and Planetary Science Letters,2006,243(3-4):336-353.


Liu M C,McKeegan K D,Goswami J N,et al.Isotopic records in CM hibonites:Implications for timescales of mixing of isotope reservoirs in theSolar nebula[J].Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,2009,73(17):5051-5079.


Kunihiro K,Ota T,Nakamura E.Lithium and oxygen isotope compositions of chondrule constituents in the AllendeMeteorite[J].Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,2019,252:107-125.


Rudnick R L,Tomascak P B,Njo H B,et al.Extreme lithium isotopic fractionation during continental weathering revealed in saprolites from South Carolina[J].Chemical Geology,2004,212(1-2):45-57.


Ushikubo T,Kita N T,Cavosie A J,et al.Lithium in Jack Hills zircons:Evidence for extensive weathering of earth's earliest crust[J].Earth & Planetary Science Letters,2008,272(3):666-676.


Sun H,Xiao Y,Gao Y,et al.Rapid enhancement of chemical weathering recorded by extremely light seawater lithium isotopes at the Permia-Triassic boundary[J].Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,2018,115(15):3782-3787.


Weynell M,Wiechert U,Schuessler J A.Lithium isotopes and implications on chemical weathering in the catchment of Lake Donggi Cona,Northeastern Tibetan Plateau[J].Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,2017,213:155-177.


Kısakürek B,James R H,Harris N B W.Li and δ7Li in Himalayan rivers:Proxies for silicate weathering?[J].Earth and Planetary Science Letters,2005,237(3-4):387-401.



Wang Q L,Liu C Q,Zhao Z Q,et al.Lithium isotopic composition of the dissolved and suspended loads of the Yangtze River,China[J].Advances in Earth Science,2008,23(9):952-958.


Murphy M J,Porcelli D,Strandmann P,et al.Tracing silicate weathering processes in the permafrost-dominated Lena River watershed using lithium isotopes[J].Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,2019,245:154-171.


Qi H H,Ma C,He Z K,et al.Lithium and its isotopes as tracers of groundwater salinization:A study in the southern coastal plain of Laizhou Bay,China[J].Science of the Total Environment,2019,650:878-890.



Ye L,Pan Z P,Cheng Z T.The regularities of distribution of associated elements in Xiaoshanba bauxite deposit,Guizhou[J].Acta Mineralogica Sinica,2008,28(2):105-111.



Yu F,Wang D H,Yu Y,et al.The distribution and exploration status of domestic and foreign sedimentary-type lithium deposits[J].Rock and Mineral Analysis,2019,38(3):354-364.


Misra S,Froelich P N.Measurement of lithium isotope ratios by quadrupole-ICP-MS:Application to seawater and natural carbonates[J].Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry,2009,24(11):1524-1533.



Su A N,Tian S H,Li Z Z,et al.High-precision measurement of lithium isotopes using MC-ICP-MS[J].Earth Science Frontiers,2011,18(2):304-314.



Lin J,Liu Y S,Hu Z C,et al.Accurate analysis of lithium isotopic composition of geological samples by MC-ICP-MS[J].Bulletin of Mineralogy,Petrology and Geochemistry,2016,35(3):458-464.



Wang Y,Sun L X,Zhang F,et al.Determination of Si,Al,Fe and Ti in bauxite by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry[J].Rock and Mineral Analysis,2013,32(5):719-723.



Zhao Y,Hou K J,Tian S H,et al.Study on measurements of lithium isotopic compositions for common standard reference materials using multi-collector inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry[J].Rock and Mineral Analysis,2015,34(1):28-39.


Huang K F,You C F,Liu Y H,et al.Low-memory,small sample size,accurate and high-precision determinations of lithium isotopic ratios in natural materials by MC-ICP-MS[J].Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry,2010,25(7):1019.



Yuan Y H,Yang F,Yu H X,et al.High-precision measurement of strontium and neodymium isotopic composition by multi-collector inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry with microwave digestion[J].Rock and Mineral Analysis,2018,37(4):356-363.


Hoecke K V,Belza J,Croymans T,et al.Single-step chromatographic isolation of lithium from whole rock carbonate and clay for isotopic analysis with multi-collector ICP-mass spectrometry[J].Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry,2015,30(12):2-26.


程琤.溶液法大型多接收等离子质谱准确分析地质样品中的Si同位素组成研究[D].西安:西北大学,2016. Cheng C.Determination of Si Isotopic Compositions of Geological Samples Using Solution Nebulization High Resolution Multi-collector Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry[D].Xi'an:Northweat University,2016.


Zambardi T,Poitrasson F.Precise determination of silicon isotopes in silicate rock reference materials by MC-ICP-MS[J].Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research,2010,35(1):89-99.


Nishio Y,Nakai S.Accurate and precise lithium isotopic determinations of igneous rock samples using multi-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry[J].Analytica Chimica Acta,2002,456(2):271-281.


刘峪菲.钙镁同位素分析方法的改进完善和对西藏拉萨地块中新世火成岩的岩浆源区示踪[D].北京:中国科学院大学,2017. Liu Y F.TheImprovements of Calcium and Magesum Isotope Analytical Methods and Their Implications for Tracing the Magma Source of Miocene Magmatic Rocks in the Lhasa Terrane,South Tibet[D].Beijing:University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,2017.



Zhang L Y,Chen N,Hou X L,et al.Influence of atmospheric129I level on procedural blanks in analysis of ultra-low 129I geological samples[J].Journal of Earth Environment,2016,7(5):529-536.



Lü C F,He H L,Zhou Z R,et al.Determination of platinum group elements and gold in geochemical exploration samples by nickel sulfide fire assay-ICP-MS Ⅱ.reduction of reagent blank[J].Rock and Mineral Analysis,2002,21(1):7-11.


Bryant C J,McCulloch M T,Bennett V.Impact of matrix effects on the accurate measurement of Li isotope ratios by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS) under "cold" plasma conditions[J].Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry,2003,18:734-737.



Gou L F,Jin Z D,Deng L,et al.Efficient purification for Li and high-precision and accuracy determination of Li isotopic compositions by MC-ICP-MS[J].Geochimica,2017,46(6):528-537.



Shi K,Zhu J M,Wu G L,et al.A review on the progress of purification techniques for high precision determination of Cr isotopes in geological samples[J].Rock and Mineral Analysis,2019,38(3):341-353.


Rosner M,Ball L,Ehrenbrink B P,et al.A simplified,accurate and fast method for lithium isotope analysis of rocks and fluids,and δ7Li values of seawater and rock reference materials[J].Geostandards and Geoanalytical Research,2007,31(2):77-88.


Seitz H M,Brey G P,Lahaye Y,et al.Lithium isotopic signatures of peridotite xenoliths and isotopic fractionation at high temperature between olivine and pyroxenes[J].Chemical Geology,2004,212(1-2):0-177.


Macpherson G L,Phan T T,Stewart B W.Direct determination (without chromatographic separation) of lithium isotopes in saline fluids using MC-ICP-MS:Establishing limits on water chemistry[J].Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry,2015,30(7):1673-1678.


Carignan J,Cardinal D,Eisenhauer A,et al.A reflection on Mg,Cd,Ca,Li and Si isotopic measurements and related reference materials[J].Geostandards & Geoanalytical Research,2010,28(1):139-148.


Jeffcoate A B,Elliott T,Thomas A,et al.Precise/small sample size determinations of lithium isotopic compositions of geological reference materials and modern seawater by MC-ICP-MS[J].Geostandards & Geoanalytical Research,2010,28(1):161-172.


Simons K K,Harlow G E,Brueckner H K,et al.Lithium isotopes in Guatemalan and Franciscan HP-LT rocks:Insights into the role of sediment-derived fluids during subduction[J].Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta,2010,74(12):3621-3641.


Sun H,Gao Y,Xiao Y,et al.Lithium isotope fractionation during incongruent melting:Constraints from post-collisional leucogranite and residual enclaves from Bengbu Uplift,China[J].Chemical Geology,2016,439:71-82.



钟代果. 铝土矿中主成分的X射线荧光光谱分析. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(1): 71-73.


刘纯瑶, 苟龙飞, 邓丽, 金章东. 离子交换过程中锂同位素分馏对锂同位素测试准确度的影响. 岩矿测试, 2019, 38(1): 35-44. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201806060070


赵悦, 侯可军, 田世洪, 杨丹, 苏嫒娜. 常用锂同位素地质标准物质的多接收器电感耦合等离子体质谱分析研究. 岩矿测试, 2015, 34(1): 28-39. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.2015.01.004


蔡玉曼. 硅钼蓝分光光度法测定钛铁矿中二氧化硅不确定度评定. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(2): 123-126.


李曼, 王连和. 区域地球化学样品分析质量管理计算机控制. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(3): 219-222.


闻静, 张羽旭, 温汉捷, 朱传威, 樊海峰. 特殊地质样品中钼同位素分析的化学前处理方法研究. 岩矿测试, 2020, 39(1): 30-40. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201906190087


贾宝亭, 刘雪梅, 汤磊, 龙开明. 同位素稀释质谱法测定塑料闪烁体中掺杂锂同位素含量. 岩矿测试, 2006, 25(3): 243-245.


朱传威, 温汉捷, 樊海峰, 张羽旭, 刘洁, 杨涛, 王光辉. 铅锌矿床地质样品的Ge同位素预处理方法研究. 岩矿测试, 2014, 33(3): 305-311.


张琳, 刘福亮, 贾艳琨, 刘君. 水中系列氢氧同位素标准物质的研制. 岩矿测试, 2013, 32(5): 7/80-784.


王琰, 孙洛新, 张帆, 张华, 陈志慧. 电感耦合等离子体发射光谱法测定含刚玉的铝土矿中硅铝铁钛. 岩矿测试, 2013, 32(5): 719-723.


梁国立, 强小平, 邓赛文, 王有增, 方明渭, 田寅贞. X射线荧光光谱快速分析铝土矿的方法研究. 岩矿测试, 2001, (4): 305-308.


秦德谛, 贺行良, 张媛媛, 李凤, 陈宇峰, 张培玉. 渤海东海海洋沉积物中碳氮稳定同位素标准物质研制. 岩矿测试, 2017, 36(1): 75-81. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.2017.01.011


刘文春. 铬天青R分光光度法测定铝土矿中的铍. 岩矿测试, 2010, 29(3): 328-330.


文加波, 商丹, 宋婉虹, 彭国萍. 电感耦合等离子体发射光谱法测定铝土矿中镓——酸溶和碱熔预处理方法比较. 岩矿测试, 2011, 30(4): 481-485.


胡璇, 石磊, 张炜华. 碱熔融-电感耦合等离子体发射光谱法测定高硫铝土矿中的硫. 岩矿测试, 2017, 36(2): 124-129. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.2017.02.005


查向平, 龚冰, 郑永飞. 低质量数元素同位素在线连续流同位素比值质谱分析的质量控制和数据标准化. 岩矿测试, 2014, 33(4): 453-467.


李沛刚, 赵芝, 刘新星, 顾文鳌, 翁申富, 雷志远. 贵州务正道铝土矿区域成矿规律及其对整装勘查的意义. 岩矿测试, 2013, 32(5): 832-839.


杨载明. 电感耦合等离子体发射光谱法测定铝土矿样品中镓三种前处理方法的比较. 岩矿测试, 2011, 30(3): 315-317.

  • PDF下载量(17)
  • 文章访问量(73)
  • 被引次数(0)

Figures And Tables


严爽, 黄康俊, 付勇, 包志安, 马龙, 龙克树, 叶远谋, 陈蕤, 陈满志