【引用本文】 韩彬, 林法祥, 丁宇, 等. 海州湾近岸海域水质状况调查与风险评价[J]. 岩矿测试, 2019, 38(4): 429-437. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201806190073
HAN Bin, LIN Fa-xiang, DING Yu, et al. Quality Survey and Risk Assessment of the Coastal Waters of Haizhou Bay[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2019, 38(4): 429-437. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201806190073

海州湾近岸海域水质状况调查与风险评价

1. 

自然资源部第一海洋研究所, 海洋活性物质与现代分析技术重点实验室, 山东 青岛 266061

2. 

海洋生态与环境科学功能实验室, 青岛海洋科学与技术国家实验室, 山东 青岛 266071

3. 

青岛科技大学化工学院, 山东 青岛 266042

收稿日期: 2018-06-19  修回日期: 2018-11-27  接受日期: 2019-04-09

基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目"海水总氮总磷在线监测仪器研制及产业化"(2017YFC1403700);中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项资金(2017Q05);中国东盟海上合作基金项目东亚海洋合作平台(YZ0416002)

作者简介: 韩彬, 助理研究员, 主要从事海洋生态环境质量评价及污染物监测技术方面的研究。E-mail:hanbin@fio.org.cn

通信作者: 郑立, 研究员, 主要从事海洋微生物群体感应调控功能研究。E-mail:zhengli@fio.org.cn

Quality Survey and Risk Assessment of the Coastal Waters of Haizhou Bay

1. 

Key Laboratory for Marine Bioactive Substances and Modern Analytical Technology, The First Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources, Qingdao 266061, China

2. 

Laboratory for Marine Ecology and Environmental Science, Qingdao National Laboratory for Marine Science and Technology, Qingdao 266071, China

3. 

College of Chemical Engineering, Qingdao University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266042, China

Corresponding author: ZHENG Li, zhengli@fio.org.cn

Received Date: 2018-06-19
Revised Date: 2018-11-27
Accepted Date: 2019-04-09

摘要:随着我国沿海经济的快速发展,人类活动强度不断加剧,对海洋生态系统的干扰和破坏不断加剧。为了解海州湾近岸海域水质状况,本文于2016年4月、9月对海州湾近岸海域表层海水的温度、盐度、pH值、悬浮物(SS)、溶解氧(DO)、化学需氧量(CODMn)、亚硝酸盐(NO2--N)、硝酸盐(NO3--N)、铵氮(NH4+-N)、活性磷酸盐(PO43--P)、铜、铅、锌、镉、石油类等指标进行了两次采样调查,应用分光光度法和ICP-MS等技术分析各指标;应用单因子法、富营养化指数法和有机污染指数法对该海域海水的质量状况进行了评价分析,以期为研究区环境预警、环境管理和保护提供依据。结果表明:研究海域表层海水中CODMn在4月均值为1.34mg/L,9月为1.22mg/L;石油类4月均值为0.031mg/L,9月为0.034mg/L;活性磷酸盐4月均值为0.013mg/L,9月为0.012mg/L;溶解无机氮4月均值为0.34mg/L,9月为0.16mg/L;CODMn、石油类、活性磷酸盐、溶解无机氮的质量浓度大致呈现出由西南部向东北部海域降低的趋势,且无机氮总体浓度水平较高,为该海域主要的污染物。根据营养化评价模式和有机污染指数计算结果,本研究认为海州湾近岸海域表层水质总体营养水平较高,处于氮限制的潜在性富营养水平,有机污染程度属于Ⅱ级,水质已受到污染。

关键词: 海州湾, 近岸海域, 化学需氧量, 溶解无机氮, 活性磷酸盐, 分光光度法, 电感耦合等离子体质谱法

要点

(1) 调查了海州湾近岸海域海水水质的状况。

(2) 海州湾近岸海域是氮限制的潜在富营养化海域。

(3) 海州湾受到轻度有机污染,污染水平呈现减缓趋势。

Quality Survey and Risk Assessment of the Coastal Waters of Haizhou Bay

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

With the rapid development of China's coastal economy, the intensity of human activity is increasing. The disturbance and damage to the marine ecosystem are becoming increasingly serious. In order to understand the water quality of the coastal waters of Haizhou Bay, the survey of surface seawater quality in Haizhou Bay was carried out in April and September, 2016. Hydrochemistry factors including temperature, salinity, pH, SS, DO, CODMn, NO2--N, NO3--N, NH4+-N, PO43--P, Cu, Pb, Zn, Cd and oils were surveyed.

OBJECTIVES:

To explore the spatial and temporal distribution characteristics and pollution level in the coastal waters of Haizhou Bay.

METHODS:

The indexes were analyzed by spectrophotometry and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Based on the single factor method, evaluation mode of eutrophication and organic pollution index, the water quality has been evaluated.

RESULTS:

The average value of CODMn in the surface seawater of the study sea area was 1.34mg/L in April and 1.22mg/L in September. The average value of petroleum in April was 0.031mg/L, and that in September was 0.034mg/L. The average value of active phosphate was 0.013mg/L in April and 0.012mg/L in September. The average value of dissolved inorganic nitrogen in April was 0.34mg/L and in September was 0.16mg/L. The concentrations of CODMn, petroleum, active phosphate and dissolved inorganic nitrogen showed the decreasing trend from the southwest to the northeast. Moreover, the overall concentration of inorganic nitrogen was higher, which was the main pollutant in the sea area.

CONCLUSIONS:

According to the eutrophication evaluation model and the results of organic pollution index calculation, this study demonstrates that the overall nutrient level of surface water quality in the coastal waters of Haizhou Bay is relatively high, and it reaches the potential eutrophication level of nitrogen limitation. The degree of organic pollution belongs to GradeⅡ, indicating the level of pollution in the water.

KEY WORDS: Haizhou Bay, coastal waters, chemical oxygen demand, dissolved inorganic nitrogen, active phosphate, spectrophotometry, inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry

HIGHLIGHTS

(1) Seawater quality in coastal waters of Haizhou Bay was investigated.

(2) The coastal area of Haizhou Bay was a potential eutrophication area with nitrogen limitation.

(3) Haizhou Bay suffered from slight organic contamination with a declining trend.

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海州湾近岸海域水质状况调查与风险评价

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