【引用本文】 伊芹, 程皝, 尚文郁, . 土壤硒的存在特征及分析测试技术研究进展[J]. 岩矿测试, 2021, 40(4): 461-475. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.202006230095
YI Qin, CHENG Huang, SHANG Wen-yu. Review on Characteristics of Selenium in Soil and Related Analytical Techniques[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2021, 40(4): 461-475. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.202006230095



国家地质实验测试中心, 北京 100037


北京航天威科环保科技有限公司, 北京 100071

收稿日期: 2020-06-23  修回日期: 2021-01-04  接受日期: 2021-01-26

基金项目: 中国地质调查局地质调查项目(DD20190323);中国地质调查局中国地质科学研究院基本科研业务费项目(CJYYWF20182602)

作者简介: 伊芹, 博士, 助理研究员, 主要从事土壤岩石矿物分析。E-mail: yiyiustb@163.com

Review on Characteristics of Selenium in Soil and Related Analytical Techniques


National Research Center for Geoanlysis, Beijing 100037, China


Beijing Aerospace WKS Environmental Technology Co., LTD, Beijing 100071, China

Received Date: 2020-06-23
Revised Date: 2021-01-04
Accepted Date: 2021-01-26


关键词: 土壤, , 形态, 定量分析, 标准物质


(1) 土壤硒含量通常较低,且动态变化。

(2) 高灵敏度、低检出限分析技术是土壤硒分析领域硬性需求。

(3) 迫切需要研制能够涵盖更多基体类型和具有硒形态含量定值的标准物质。

Review on Characteristics of Selenium in Soil and Related Analytical Techniques



Selenium is an essential micronutrient for humans. The spatial heterogeneity of selenium in soil is the main cause of various diseases and environmental problems. Selenium in soil is unevenly distributed across the globe, with most soils being low in selenium. Globally, the average selenium content in soil is 0.4mg/kg, while it is 346-2018mg/kg in typical high-selenium areas. Thus, accurate analysis of selenium in soil is of great significance in research on seleniferous soil. The reasonable use of reference materials can aid in the effective monitoring of the quality of analysis.


To summarize the status of research on selenium in soil, and the development of the corresponding analytical methods and reference materials.


This article describes the distribution characteristics, speciation, and migration and transformation characteristics of selenium in soil. Furthermore, the methods for extracting selenium speciation in soil, the progress of research on selenium content analysis technology, and the status of the development of soil selenium reference materials in recent years are summarized.


Because of limited advancements in the development of analytical techniques, research on the mechanism of migration and transformation is still incomplete. The emergence of sequential extraction techniques provides a new way to study the distribution, migration, and transformation of soil selenium speciation. However, this method is still under development and has many shortcomings, such as inadequate selectivity and inevitable speciation transformation. Atomic fluorescence spectroscopy is the mainstream approach for the analysis of selenium content in soil, especially in China. Mass spectrometry, with high precision and a low detection limit, and synchrotron radiation X-ray technology, with in-situ speciation analysis capabilities, offer significant advantages in the analysis of trace and ultra-trace elements and speciation analysis. There is a significant gap in the research on reference materials with gradient content and certified speciation content.


Methods with a low detection limit, high sensitivity, and matrix interference resistance are urgently needed. The combined application of sequential extraction, mass spectrometry, and X-ray fluorescence can promote research on selenium in soil. Moreover, related certified reference materials with gradient content and certified speciation content are in short supply.

KEY WORDS: soil, selenium, speciation, quantitative analysis, reference material


(1) The selenium content in most soils in the world is ultra-low and varies with the environment.

(2) Methods with high sensitivity and a low detection limit are a basic requirement.

(3) Reference materials with gradient content and certified speciation content of selenium are urgently needed.



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