【引用本文】 回广骥, 高卿楠, 宋利强, 等. 新疆可可托海稀有金属矿床矿物和岩石热红外光谱特征[J]. 岩矿测试, 2021, 40(1): 134-144. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.202005060001
HUI Guang-ji , GAO Qing-nan , SONG Li-qiang , et al. Thermal Infrared Spectra Characteristics of Rare Metal Minerals and Rock in the Keketuohai Deposit, Xijiang[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2021, 40(1): 134-144. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.202005060001

新疆可可托海稀有金属矿床矿物和岩石热红外光谱特征

自然资源实物地质资料中心, 河北 三河 065201

收稿日期: 2020-04-30  修回日期: 2020-08-06 

基金项目: 中国地质调查局地质调查项目“实物地质资料汇集与服务”(DD20190411)

作者简介: 回广骥,硕士,工程师,主要从事岩心多参数数字化与应用研究工作。E-mail:310874768@qq.com。。

Thermal Infrared Spectra Characteristics of Rare Metal Minerals and Rock in the Keketuohai Deposit, Xijiang

Core and Samples Center of Land and Resources, China Geological Survey, Sanhe 065201, China

Received Date: 2020-04-30
Revised Date: 2020-08-06

摘要:当前新型材料、新能源在各个领域应用不断深化,稀有金属矿床迎来了世界范围内的研究与勘探热潮,新疆可可托海稀有金属矿床是我国最早开发利用稀有金属矿产资源的重要基地,但对其典型矿物和围岩的热红外反射光谱的认识还很缺乏,制约了对同类型矿床开展遥感地质调查和遥感地质学研究工作的推进。本文采用便携式热红外光谱仪,对可可托海3号脉的典型矿物岩石开展热红外光谱特征研究。结果表明:热红外光谱可以有效识别锂辉石、锂云母、绿柱石、电气石等典型的稀有金属矿物。其中,与锂云母相比,含锂云母伟晶岩产生了新的特征峰;含锂辉石伟晶岩、含电气石伟晶岩相比于各自单晶矿物,其反射特征峰均明显向短波方向偏移;含绿柱石伟晶岩光谱曲线反射特征峰比绿柱石单晶反射特征峰明显向长波方向偏移。本文初步建立了可可托海典型矿物和岩石热红外光谱特征数据库,总结了以锂辉石、锂云母等稀有金属矿床矿物、含矿伟晶岩及围岩的热红外光谱特征,可为热红外光谱进行稀有金属矿物的识别及花岗伟晶岩型矿床的勘探提供必要的基础数据支撑。

关键词: 可可托海, 稀有金属, 热红外光谱, 锂辉石, 锂云母

Thermal Infrared Spectra Characteristics of Rare Metal Minerals and Rock in the Keketuohai Deposit, Xijiang

KEY WORDS: Keketuohai, rare metals, thermal infrared spectroscopy, spodumene, lepidolite

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新疆可可托海稀有金属矿床矿物和岩石热红外光谱特征

回广骥, 高卿楠, 宋利强, 孙东询