【引用本文】 宋彦军, 李甘雨, 张健, 等. 黄绿色明矾石玉的矿物学特征及颜色成因研究[J]. 岩矿测试, 2020, 39(5): 706-716. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.202003160036
SONG Yan-jun , LI Gan-yu , ZHANG Jian , et al. Mineralogical Characteristics and Coloration Mechanism of Yellow-Green Alunite Jade[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2020, 39(5): 706-716. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.202003160036

黄绿色明矾石玉的矿物学特征及颜色成因研究

1. 河北地质大学宝石与材料工艺学院, 河北 石家庄 050031;

2. 河北地质大学珠宝检测中心, 河北 石家庄 050031;

3. 河北地质大学教学发展中心, 河北 石家庄 050031;

4. 河北地质大学资源学院, 河北 石家庄 050031;

5. 河北省地质环境监测院, 河北 石家庄 050031

收稿日期: 2020-03-16  修回日期: 2020-04-20 

基金项目: 中央引导地方科技发展专项(19944903G);河北省高等教育教学改革研究与实践项目(2019GJJG297);河北地质大学博士科研启动资金(BQ2018017)

作者简介: 宋彦军,博士,讲师,从事宝石及矿物材料研究。E-mail:728225185@qq.com。。

Mineralogical Characteristics and Coloration Mechanism of Yellow-Green Alunite Jade

1. College of Gemological and Material Techniques, Hebei GEO University, Shijiazhuang 050031, China;

2. Gemstone Testing Center of Hebei GEO University, Shijiazhuang 050031, China;

3. Teaching Development Center, Hebei GEO University, Shijiazhuang 050031, China;

4. Collegeof Resource, Hebei GEO University, Shijiazhuang 050031, China;

5. Geological Environmental Monitoring Institute of Hebei Province, Shijiazhuang 050031, China

Received Date: 2020-03-16
Revised Date: 2020-04-20

摘要:黄绿色明矾石玉作为近年来市场上新出现的玉石品种,目前有关其宝石矿物学特征的研究相对不足,为其科学鉴定和质量评价造成一定困难。为此,本文采用红外光谱、X射线粉晶衍射、拉曼光谱、扫描电镜、激光剥蚀电感耦合等离子体质谱及紫外可见光谱等测试技术,从矿物组成、显微结构、化学成分等方面对黄绿色明矾石玉进行系统研究,并分析其颜色成因。结果表明:黄绿色明矾石玉的主要矿物组成为明矾石,未见其他矿物成分;玉石整体呈隐晶质结构,粒尺寸小于5μm,这是样品呈现细腻玉石质感的主要原因,但由于缺少如纤维状或鳞片状交织结构,韧性相对较差;黄绿色明矾石玉主要化学成分为O、Al、S、K,此外过渡金属元素V、Fe、Cr含量较高,平均含量分别为23591.52μg/g、4717.99μg/g、2077.67μg/g,结合紫外可见光谱测试存在的500nm以下和以826nm为中心的吸收,认为其黄绿色形成与V3+、Cr3+和Fe3+进入明矾石晶格中类质同相替代Al3+有关;明矾石玉黄褐色风化皮结构相对较粗,主要组成矿物为明矾石和石英,含少量针铁矿和极少量锐钛矿,其黄褐色主要受以针铁矿为主的表生褐铁矿浸染所致。本研究基本明确了黄绿色明矾石玉的宝石矿物学特征及其致色机理,可为今后该玉石的科学鉴定和质量评价提供数据支持。

关键词: 明矾石玉, 矿物组成, 显微结构, 颜色成因, 电感耦合等离子体质谱法, 紫外可见光谱法

Mineralogical Characteristics and Coloration Mechanism of Yellow-Green Alunite Jade

KEY WORDS: alunite jade, mineral component, micro texture, coloration mechanism, inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy

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黄绿色明矾石玉的矿物学特征及颜色成因研究

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