自然资源部地球化学探测技术重点实验室, 中国地质科学院地球物理地球化学勘查研究所, 河北 廊坊 065000
Research Progress of Selenium-enriched Land Resources and Evaluation Methods
Key Laboratory of Geochemical Exploration of Ministry of Natural Resources, Institute of Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Langfang 065000, China
Research Progress of Selenium-enriched Land Resources and Evaluation Methods
Selenium is an important, essential element of life. The development of selenium-enriched agricultural products is a safe and effective way to increase the level of human selenium intake in China. The evaluation and utilization planning of selenium-enriched land resources are important aspects of land quality geochemical surveys, to serve the development of characteristic agricultural products and to overcome poverty.
To improve the methodology for selenium-enriched land assessment and to develop more effective and safe land-use planning methods.
The research results on selenium content in soil and crops, the origin of soil selenium, the soil selenium occurrence and its bioavailability factors, the soil-crop system selenium absorption and transport, and the interaction between selenium and heavy metal cadmium were reviewed in this article.
The geochemical background of selenium in top soils in China was 0.2mg/kg, significantly lower than the average in world soils (0.4mg/kg). Generally, the soils had a low selenium level, and it was believed that the use of 0.40mg/kg selenium as a selenium-enriched soil standard had a strong scientific basis. Selenium in soils was mostly from a geological setting, however, in some cases anthropogenic activities may be an important source of soil selenium. The genetic mechanism of selenium-enriched soils can be categorized as high geological background, weathering accumulation and anthropogenic input as well as a multi-factor combination. The association of selenium with cadmium and other heavy metals was pervasive because of similar geochemical behavior and geological origin. The species and bio-availability of selenium in soils were mainly controlled by its source and soil physic-chemical properties such as pH, Eh, and contents of organic matter, iron oxides and aluminum oxides. In turn, these factors affect the availability of selenium-enriched land and became the theoretical basis and considerations for formulating local standards for selenium-enriched soil. The accumulation ability of selenium varied greatly between crop cultivars. Selection native crop types with higher selenium accumulation ability and low accumulation with Cd as well as other toxic metals was of practical meaning. Some existing selenium-enriched agricultural product standards did not fully consider the purpose of human selenium supplementation, and there were problems such as poor coordination between standards. It was urgent to strengthen the formulation of selenium-enriched agricultural product standards.
Selenium-enriched land suitability assessment, local selenium-enriched soil standard establishment and selenium-enriched crop plantation planning should consider the concentration of selenium and heavy metals in soils, their source and genesis, bio-availability and influencing factors, transport and accumulation in soil-crop system, the synergistic or antagonistic effects between selenium and other chemicals such as cadmium, as well as plantation suitability of crop cultivars under local climate, soil conditions and landscape. According to the availability of selenium-enriched land resources, classification, zoning, scientific planning and reasonable planting management are carried out. In order to meet the needs of investigation and evaluation of selenium-enriched land resources, availability analysis, and research on the health effects of selenium-enriched agricultural products, it is recommended to strengthen the research and application of extraction, separation, analysis, and determination methods for soil and crop selenium content and species.
|||World Health Organization . Trace elements in human nutrition and health[M] . Geneva: World Health Organization, 1996|
Smits J E, Krohn R M, Akhtar E, et al. Food as med-icine:Selenium enriched lentils offer relief against chronic arsenic poisoning in Bangladesh[J].Environmental Research, 2019, 176: 108561. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2019.108561
Fordyce F M.Selenium deficiency and toxicity in the environment[M]//Selinus O.Essentials of medical geology (revised edition).British Geological Survey, 2013: 373-416.
谭见安. 中华人民共和国地方病与环境图集[M] . 北京: 科学出版社, 1989Tan J A. The atlas of endemic diseases and their environments in the People's Republic of China[M] . Beijing: Science Press, 1989
Dai Z H, Imtiaz M, Rizwan M, et al. Dynamics of sele-nium uptake, speciation, and antioxidant response in rice at different panicle initiation stages[J].Science of the Total Environment, 2019, 691: 827-834.
Andrade F R, da Silva G N, Guimarães K C, et al. Selenium protects rice plants from water deficit stress[J]. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 2018, 164: 562-570.
Ulhassan Z, Ali G R, Skhawat A, et al. Dual behavior of selenium:Insights into physico-biochemical, an atomical and molecular analyses of four Brassica napus cultivars[J]. Chemosphere, 2019, 225: 329-341.
国土资源部中国地质调查局.中国耕地地球化学调查报告(2015年)[R].北京: 中国地质调查局, 2015.
China Geological Survey, Ministry of Land and Resources.Geochemical survey report of cultivation land in China (2015)[R].Beijing: China Geological Survey, 2015.
王云,魏复盛. 土壤环境元素化学[M] . 北京: 中国环境科学出版社, 1995: 217-230.Wang Y,Wei F S. Environmental element chemistry in soil[M] . Beijing: China Environmental Science Press, 1995: 217-230.
Reimann C, Birke M, Demetriades A, et al.Chemistry of Europe's agricultural soils-Part A: Methodology and interpretation of the GEMAS data set[R].Hannover, 2014: 389-399.
Swaine J D. The trace-element content of soil[J]. Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans, 1956, 101(12): 28615-28625.
魏复盛,吴燕玉,郑春江. 中国土壤元素背景值[M] . 北京: 中国环境科学出版社, 1990Wei F S,Wu Y Y,Zheng C J. Soil element background in China[M] . Beijing: China Environmental Science Press, 1990
鄢明才,迟清华. 中国东部地壳与岩石的化学组成[M] . 北京: 科学出版社, 1997Yan M C,Chi Q H. Crustal and rock chemical component in East China[M] . Beijing: Science Press, 1997
Yang G Q, Wang S Z, Zhou R H, et al. Study on the cause of unknown alopecia and fingernail loose in Enshi, Hubei[J]. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae, 1981, (Supplement): 1-6.
Yuan Z Y, Xiang J Q, Wu D M, et al. The characteristics of selenium and cadmium in crops and its root soil in the area of Se and Cd-enriched soil in Enshi[J]. Resources Environment and Engineering, 2017, 31(6): 706-712.
Luo S L. Source analysis of selenium in soil in Taishan City[J]. Journal of Anhui Agricultural Science, 2013, 41(12): 5333-5334.
Wu J. Geochemical characteristics of selenium-rich soil in Shouning County of Fujian Province[J]. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2018, 42(2): 386-391.
Yang S J. Distribution of soil selenium in Zhouning County of Fujian and its influencing factors[J]. Resources Environment and Engineering, 2019, 33(1): 42-45.
Huang Z L, Lin Q M, Fan R H, et al. Geochemical characteristics of selenium-rich soil in Quanzhou County of Guangxi[J]. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2018, 42(2): 381-385.
Tabelin C B, Igarashi T, Villacorte-Tabelin M, et al. Arsenic, selenium, boron, lead, cadmium, copper, and zinc in naturally contaminated rocks:A review of their sources, modes of enrichment, mechanisms of release, and mitigation strategies[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2018, 645: 1522-1553.
Xu Y F, Li Y H, Li H R, et al. Effects of topography and soil properties on soil selenium distribution and bioavailability (phosphate extraction):A case study in Yongjia County, China[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2018, 633: 240-248.
Mervi S, Juhani V, Stellan H, et al. Sorption and speci-ation of selenium in boreal forest soil[J]. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 2016, 64: 220-231.
Chen Q J, Gan Y Q, Zhang R W, et al. Distribution characteristics of selenium in surface soil of Shayang area in Jianghan Plain and the cause analysis of selenium richness[J]. Safety and Environmental Engineering, 2019, 26(4): 8-14.
Matos R P, Lima V M P, Windmöller C C, et al. Correlation between the natural levels of selenium and soil physicochemical characteristics from the Jequitinhonha Valley (MG), Brazil[J]. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 2017, 172: 195-202.
Yang Z Q, Li J, Zheng G D, et al. Geochemical characteristics of selenium-rich soil in Beibu Gulf coastal economic zone of Guangxi[J]. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2014, 38(6): 1260-1264, 1269.
Han X, Zhou Y, Wu W L, et al. Selenium contents of farmland soils and their relationship with main soil properties in Fengcheng, Jiangxi[J]. Journal of Agro-Environment Science, 2018, 37(6): 1177-1183.
周国华,孙彬彬,方金梅. 福建龙海生态地球化学研究[M] . 北京: 地质出版社, 2018: 169Zhou G H,Sun B B,Fang J M. Eco-geochemistry research in Longhai, Fujian Province[M] . Beijing: Geological Publishing House, 2018: 169
Cheng H X, Li M, Zhao C D, et al. Overview of trace metals in the urban soil of 31 metropolises in China[J]. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 2014, 139: 31-52.
Xie W, Yang Y D, Hou J Y, et al. Studies on causes and influential factors of selenium-enriched soils in Jizhou District of Tianjin[J]. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2019, 43(6): 1373-1381.
Shaheen S M, Kwon E E, Biswas J K, et al. Arsenic, chromium, molybdenum, and selenium:Geochemical fractions and potential mobilization in riverine soil profiles originating from Germany and Egypt[J]. Chemosphere, 2017, 180: 553-563.
Tolu J, Tullo P D, Hécho I L, et al. A new methodology involving stable isotope tracer to compare simultaneously short- and long-term selenium mobility in soils[J]. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 2014, 406: 1221-1231.
Di T P, Pannier F, Thiry Y, et al. Field study of time-dependent selenium partitioning in soils using isotopically enriched stable selenite tracer[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2016, 562: 280-288.
Almahayni T, Bailey E, Crout N M J, et al. Effects of incubation time and filtration method on Kd of indigenous selenium and iodine in temperate soils[J].Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 2017, 177: 84-90.
Jia M M, Zhang Y X, Huang B, et al. Source appor-tionment of selenium and influence factors on its bioavailability in intensively managed greenhouse soil:A case study in the east bank of the Dianchi Lake, China[J].Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 2019, 170: 238-245.
Joy E J M, Broadley M R, Young S D, et al. Soil type influences crop mineral composition in Malawi[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2015, 505: 587-595.
Yang K, Li X L, Zhang J Y, et al. Selenium bioavailability and the influential factors in potentially selenium enriched soils in Lujiang County, Anhui Province[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2018, 31(4): 715-724.
Supriatin S, Weng L P, Comans R N J, et al. Selenium speciation and extractability in Dutch agricultural soils[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2015, 532: 368-382.
Fordyce F M, Brereton N, Hughes J, et al. An initial study to assess the use of geological parent materials to predict the Se concentration in overlying soils and in five staple foodstuffs produced on them in Scotland[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2010, 408(22): 5295-5305.
Chistophersen O A, Lyons G, Haug A, et al.Selenium[M]//Alloway B J.Heavy metals in soils: Tarce metals and metalloids in soils and their bioavailability.Springer Science, 2013: 429-463.
Chang C Y, Yin R S, Wang X, et al. Selenium translocation in the soil-rice system in the Enshi seleniferous area, central China[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2019, 669: 83-90.
Xiao K C, Tang J J, Chen H, et al. Impact of land use/land cover change on the topsoil selenium concentration and its potential bioavailability in a karst area of southwest China[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2020, 708: 1-8.
Jiang C Q, Shen J, Zu C L, et al. Selenium uptake and transport of rice under different Se-enriched natural soils[J]. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology, 2015, 26(3): 809-816.
Li Y. Comparison on Se uptake ability of different crops in Se-rich soil at Ankong[J]. Shaanxi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 2015, 61(11): 13-14.
Jiang C Q, Shen J, Xu J N, et al. Effects of Se-enriched soils on the plant growth, selenium uptake and transport in flue-cured tobacco[J]. Acta Botany Boreal-Occident Sinica, 2014, 34(11): 2303-2308.
Miguel N A, Carmen C V. Selenium in food and the human body:A review[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2008, 400: 115-141.
Yin H Q, Qi Z Y, Li M Q, et al. Selenium forms and methods of application differentially modulate plant growth, photosynthesis, stress tolerance, selenium content and speciation in Oryza sativa L.[J]. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 2019, 169: 911-917.
de Feudis M, D'Amato R, Businelli D, et al. Fate of selenium in soil:A case study in a maize (Zea mays L.) field under two irrigation regimes and fertilized with sodium selenite[J].Science of the Total Environment, 2019, 659: 131-139.
Hussein H A A, Darwesh O M, Mekki B B, et al. Evaluation of cytotoxicity, biochemical profile and yield components of groundnut plants treated with nano-selenium[J].Biotechnology Reports, 2019, : 24. doi: 10.1016/j.btre.2019.e00377
Ullah H, Liu G J, Yousaf B, et al. Developmental sele-nium exposure and health risk in daily foodstuffs:A systematic review and meta-analysis[J]. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 2018, 149: 291-306.
Gu S W, Hu Y J, Liu F J, et al. Effect of different processing precision on cadmium content in paddy rice[J]. Journal of the Chinese Cereals and Oil Association, 2019, (8): 33-39.
World Health Organization.Environmental health criterion 58-Selenium[R].Geneva: World Health Organization, 1987.
Liang R Y, Shuai S A, Shi Y J, et al. Comprehensive assessment of regional selenium resources in soils based on the analytic hierarchy process:Assessment system construction and case demonstration[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2017, 605-606: 618-625.
Zhou X B, Li Y Y, Lai F, et al. Effects of different water management on absorption and accumulation of selenium in rice[J]. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 2018, 25: 1178-1182.
Wang D, Xue M Y, Wang Y K, et al. Effects of straw amendment on selenium aging in soils:Mechanism and influential factors[J]. Science of the Total Environment, 2019, 657: 871-881.
Shahid M A, Balal R M, Khan N, et al. Selenium impedes cadmium and arsenic toxicity in potato by modulating carbohydrate and nitrogen metabolism[J]. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 2019, 180: 588-599.
Dai H P, Wei S H, Skuza L D, et al. Selenium spiked in soil promoted zinc accumulation of Chinese cabbage and improved its antioxidant system and lipid peroxidation[J]. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 2019, 180: 179-184.
Anirban B, Saroni B, Arabinda D, et al. Spatial vari-ability and competing dynamics of arsenic, selenium, iron and bioavailable phosphate from ground water and soil to paddy plant parts[J].Groundwater for Sustainable Development, 2018, 7: 328-335.
Wang J W, Wang Z H, Mao H, et al. Effect of Se, Zn and Mo on yield and contents of nutrient elements and selenium and cadmium of potato and cabbage on the loess plateau[J]. Journal of Agro-Environment Science, 2012, 31(11): 2114-2120.
Liang C, Lin K F, Zhang W, et al. Effects of sulfur and selenium treatment on plant growth and some physiological characteristics of rice under cadmium stress[J]. Journal of Agro-Environment Science, 2012, 31(5): 857-866.
Tie M, Liu Y, Li H W, et al. Uptake of Se and Cd in radish and their effects on growth[J]. Chinese Journal of Ecology, 2014, 33(6): 1587-1593.
Zhang Z Z, Yuan L X, Qi S H, et al. The threshold effect between the soil bioavailable molar Se:Cd ratio and the accumulation of Cd in corn (Zeamays L.) from natural Se-Cd rich soils[[J].Science of the Total Environment, 2019, 688: 1228-1235.
Feng R W, Wei C Y, Tu S X, et al. A dual role of Se on Cd toxicity:Evidences from the uptake of Cd and some essential elements and the growth responses in paddy rice[J].Biology Trace Element Resource, 2013, 151: 113-121.
Li Y Y, Hu W J, Zhao J T, et al. Selenium decreases methylmercury and increases nutritional elements in rice growing in mercury-contaminated farmland[J]. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 2019, 182: 109447.
Wang X N, Wang S, Pan X L, et al. Heteroaggregation of soil particulate organic matter and biogenic selenium nanoparticles for remediation of elemental mercury contamination[J]. Chemosphere, 2019, 221: 486-492.
Yu Y, Yuan S L, Zhuang J, et al. Effect of selenium on the uptake kinetics and accumulation of and oxidative stress induced by cadmium in Brassica Chinensis[J]. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 2018, 162: 571-580.
Qin C, Shi C, Wan Q Y, et al. Speciation analysis of inorganic selenium in soil by high performance liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2018, 37(6): 664-670.
Wang M K, Cui Z W, Xue M Y, et al. Assessing the uptake of selenium from naturally enriched soils by maize (Zeamays L.) using diffusive gradients in thin-films technique (DGT) and traditional extractions[J].Science of the Total Environment, 209, 689: 1-9.
Vinceti M, Filippini T, Malagoli C, et al. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis incidence following exposure to inorganic selenium in drinking water:A long-term follow-up[J]. Environmental Research, 2019, 179: 108742.
Gong R Y, Zhong S Z, Zhang B J, et al. Composition of the organic selenium (Se) and the accessible Se in Se-enriched and non Se-enriched rice[J]. Food Research and Development, 2017, 38(20): 11-15.
Lusa M, Help H, Honkanen A P, et al. The reduction of selenium(Ⅵ) by boreal Pseudomonas sp.strain T5-6-Ⅰ-Effects on selenium(Ⅳ) uptake in Brassica Oleracea[J].Environmental Research, 2019, 177: 108642.
Both E B, Stonehouse G C, Lima L W, et al. Selenium tolerance, accumulation, localization and speciation in a cardamine hyperaccumulator and a non-hyperaccumulator[J].Science of the Total Environment.
Qin H B, Zhu J M, Lin Z Q, et al. Selenium speciation in seleniferous agricultural soils under different cropping systems using sequential extraction and X-ray absorption spectroscopy[J]. Environmental Pollution, 2017, 225: 361-369.
Alexander P, Miriam S, Susanne V A, et al. Charac-terization of selenium speciation in selenium-enriched button mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus) and selenized yeasts (dietary supplement) using X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) spectroscopy[J].Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, 2019, 51: 164-168.
靳芳. 青海省察尔汗盐湖卤水中有效硒的测定. 岩矿测试, 2010, 29(2): 193-195.
方金梅. 福州市土壤硒形态分析及其迁移富集规律. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(2): 103-107.
陈志兵. 碱性模式氢化物发生—原子荧光光谱法测定土壤中的痕量硒. 岩矿测试, 2002, (4): 311-314.