【引用本文】 李超, 王登红, 屈文俊, 等. 关键金属元素分析测试技术方法应用进展[J]. 岩矿测试, 2020, 39(5): 655-666. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201907310115
LI Chao , WANG Deng-hong , QU Wen-jun , et al. A Review and Perspective on Analytical Methods of Critical Metal Elements[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2020, 39(5): 655-666. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201907310115

关键金属元素分析测试技术方法应用进展

1. 国家地质实验测试中心, 北京 100037;

2. 中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所, 北京 100037;

3. 昆明理工大学国土资源工程学院, 云南 昆明 650093

收稿日期: 2019-07-31  修回日期: 2020-01-11 

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41673060,41873065);国家重点研发计划专项(2017YFC0602700)

作者简介: 李超,博士,副研究员,从事地质样品分析测试研究。E-mail:Re-Os@163.com。。

A Review and Perspective on Analytical Methods of Critical Metal Elements

1. National Research Center for Analysis, Beijing 100037, China;

2. Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China;

3. Faculty of Land Resource Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650093, China

Received Date: 2019-07-31
Revised Date: 2020-01-11

摘要:以稀有、稀散、稀土、铂族元素为主体的战略性关键金属矿产资源,在新材料、新能源和信息技术等新兴产业中发挥着越来越关键的作用。随着我国关键矿产资源地质调查的不断深入,关键金属元素以其赋存基体复杂、不同矿物含量差异大、化学性质不稳定等特点对分析测试技术提出了新的挑战。本文根据化学组成不同,对关键金属元素主要赋存基体进行了分类,主要分为硅酸盐、碳酸盐、硫酸盐、钨酸盐、磷酸盐、氧化物、硫化物、卤化物等。对于不同的基体岩石矿物,通常采用酸溶法(硝酸-氢氟酸组合、王水)或碱熔法等传统溶样方法进行化学消解。评述了当前关键金属元素测试常用的电子探针、电感耦合等离子体质谱、电感耦合等离子体发射光谱、X射线荧光光谱等仪器的特点及应用,总结了关键金属元素分析过程中出现的样品难溶解、回收率不完全、测试过程氧化物和同质异位素干扰、样品和标准基体不一致等常见问题,并提出了相应的解决方案。微区原位分析凭借其高效率、低成本、高空间分辨率的优势,以及野外现场分析凭借其简单快速、贴近野外工作的特点是关键金属元素测试技术发展的主要趋势。

关键词: 关键金属元素, 赋存基体, 样品处理方法, 分析测试技术, 微区原位分析, 野外现场分析

A Review and Perspective on Analytical Methods of Critical Metal Elements

KEY WORDS: critical mineral elements, occurrence matrix, sample pretreatment method, analytical techniques, in situ microanalysis, field on-site geoanalysis

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关键金属元素分析测试技术方法应用进展

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