【引用本文】 张立锋, 刘杰民, 张翼明, . 白云鄂博矿区土壤和植物中稀土元素的分布特征[J]. 岩矿测试, 2019, 38(5): 557-565. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201809200107
ZHANG Li-feng , LIU Jie-min , ZHNG Yi-ming . Distribution Characteristics of Rare Earth Elements in Plants and Soils in the Bayan Obo Mining Area[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2019, 38(5): 557-565. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201809200107

白云鄂博矿区土壤和植物中稀土元素的分布特征

1. 包头稀土研究院, 白云鄂博稀土资源研究与综合利用国家重点实验室, 内蒙古 包头 014030;

2. 北京科技大学化学与生物工程学院, 北京 100083

收稿日期: 2018-09-20  修回日期: 2019-05-28 

作者简介: 张立锋,硕士,高级工程师,主要从事冶金分析。E-mail:131310212@163.com。。

Distribution Characteristics of Rare Earth Elements in Plants and Soils in the Bayan Obo Mining Area

1. Baotou Research Institute of Rare Earths, State Key Laboratory of Baiyunobo Rare Earth Resource Researches and Comprehensive Utilization, Baotou 014030, China;

2. School of Chemistry and Biological Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China

Received Date: 2018-09-20
Revised Date: 2019-05-28

摘要:白云鄂博矿区是稀土的主要产出地,在矿山开采和选炼等过程中,稀土元素通过迁移、富集等作用进入植物体,研究稀土元素的分布特征和迁移规律,可为白云鄂博矿体闭坑后的生物修复提供数据支持。本文设置了7个土壤采样点,并采集铁花、沙蒿、沙打旺、沙朋、青蒿、小叶杨、猪毛菜七种植物,用电感耦合等离子体质谱法测定土壤和植物的根、茎、叶及整株的稀土含量,研究稀土元素在土壤和植物中的分布特征和迁移规律。统计分析结果表明:随着采样区与主矿区的距离增加,土壤样品中的稀土含量逐渐减少;在七种植物中,铁花的稀土含量最高,青蒿最低;对不同植物的整株稀土含量和各部位(根、茎、叶)稀土含量进行多元线性回归分析,叶(或花)的稀土含量在整珠植物中的占比最大。此外在不同季节,植物中的稀土含量基本保持不变,含量较高的稀土元素为Ce(0.0035%~0.020%)、La(0.0012%~0.011%)、Nd(0.0010%~0.0094%)和Pr(0.00036%~0.0046%),其中Ce最高。本研究提出:根据土壤样品中的稀土含量逐渐减少的特征,矿区周围土壤的稀土来源可能是矿石在采、选过程中的扩散造成的;根据植物富集稀土的能力,在矿山闭坑后,可种植富集稀土能力强的植物——铁花,进行矿山生物修复。

关键词: 白云鄂博矿, 土壤, 植物, 稀土元素, 铁花, 电感耦合等离子体质谱法, 生物修复

Distribution Characteristics of Rare Earth Elements in Plants and Soils in the Bayan Obo Mining Area

KEY WORDS: Bayan Obo Mine, soil, plant, rare earth element, tie hua, inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry, bioremediation

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白云鄂博矿区土壤和植物中稀土元素的分布特征

张立锋, 刘杰民, 张翼明