【引用本文】 陈保冬, 张莘, 伍松林, 等. 丛枝菌根影响土壤-植物系统中重金属迁移转化和累积过程的机制及其生态应用[J]. 岩矿测试, 2019, 38(1): 1-25. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201807110083
CHEN Bao-dong , ZHANG Xin , WU Song-lin , et al. The Role of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Heavy Metal Translocation, Transformation and Accumulation in the Soil-Plant Continuum: Underlying Mechanisms and Ecological Implications[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2019, 38(1): 1-25. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201807110083

丛枝菌根影响土壤-植物系统中重金属迁移转化和累积过程的机制及其生态应用

1. 中国科学院生态环境研究中心城市与区域生态国家重点实验室, 北京 100085;

2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049;

3. 中国地质大学(北京), 北京 100083

收稿日期: 2018-07-11  修回日期: 2018-09-03 

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金面上项目(21677164,41471219);“十三五”国家重点研发计划(2016YFD0800404)

作者简介: 陈保冬,博士,研究员,研究方向为土壤生态学。E-mail:bdchen@rcees.ac.cn。。

The Role of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Heavy Metal Translocation, Transformation and Accumulation in the Soil-Plant Continuum: Underlying Mechanisms and Ecological Implications

1. State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China;

2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;

3. China University of Geosciences(Beijing), Beijing 100083, China

Received Date: 2018-07-11
Revised Date: 2018-09-03

摘要:丛枝菌根真菌(AMF)是在自然和农业生态系统中广泛存在的一类专性共生土壤微生物,能够与80%左右的陆地植物建立共生关系。AMF从宿主植物获取碳水化合物以维系自身生长;作为回报,AMF能够帮助植物从土壤中吸收矿质养分和水分。很多研究表明,AM共生体系对于植物适应各种逆境胁迫(如贫瘠、干旱、环境污染等)具有重要作用。在土壤重金属污染情况下,AMF能够通过多种途径影响植物对重金属的吸收、累积和解毒过程,并对植物产生保护效应。本文围绕AM对土壤-植物系统中重金属迁移、转化和累积过程的影响机制,系统介绍了金属元素种类及污染程度、宿主植物和AMF种类,以及土壤理化性质等因素对AM植物吸收累积重金属的影响,并从AMF对土壤-植物系统中重金属行为的直接作用(包括菌丝吸收和固持,以及改变根际重金属形态等),及AMF改善植物矿质营养促进植物生长从而间接增强植物重金属耐性两方面讨论了AM增强植物重金属耐性的机理,系统总结了相关研究领域的前沿动态。最后,对菌根技术在农田和矿区重金属污染土壤生物修复中的应用前景进行了展望。

关键词: 丛枝菌根真菌, 重金属, 耐性, 生物修复

The Role of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi in Heavy Metal Translocation, Transformation and Accumulation in the Soil-Plant Continuum: Underlying Mechanisms and Ecological Implications

KEY WORDS: arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, heavy metal, tolerance, bioremediation

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丛枝菌根影响土壤-植物系统中重金属迁移转化和累积过程的机制及其生态应用

陈保冬, 张莘, 伍松林, 李林凤