【引用本文】 朱帅, 沈亚婷, 贾静, 等. 环境介质中典型新型有机污染物分析技术研究进展[J]. 岩矿测试, 2018, 37(5): 586-606. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201603300054
ZHU Shuai , SHEN Ya-ting , JIA Jing , et al. Review on the Analytical Methods of Typical Emerging Organic Pollutants in the Environment[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2018, 37(5): 586-606. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201603300054

环境介质中典型新型有机污染物分析技术研究进展

自然资源部生态地球化学重点实验室, 国家地质实验测试中心, 北京 100037

收稿日期: 2016-03-30  修回日期: 2018-07-10 

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金青年基金项目(21607033);中国地质科学院基本科研业务费项目(CSJ201603);中国地质调查局地质调查项目(12120113015200)

作者简介: 朱帅,硕士,助理研究员,主要研究方向为有机污染物检测与环境行为研究。E-mail:zhu15131215153@126.com。。

Review on the Analytical Methods of Typical Emerging Organic Pollutants in the Environment

Key Laboratory of Eco-geochemistry, Ministry of Natural Resources, National Research Center for Geoanalysis, Beijing 100037, China

Received Date: 2016-03-30
Revised Date: 2018-07-10

摘要:环境中持久性有机污染物(POPs)、药物及个人护理品(PPCPs)和消毒水副产物(DBPs)等新型有机污染物对生态环境和人体健康具有潜在威胁,研究其来源、检测方法、环境分布和迁移转化已经成为热点。新型有机污染物组成复杂,如短链氯化石蜡有7000多种同类物,采用传统分析手段无法实现分离,对这些物质的准确定性和定量面临挑战。近年来在新型有机污染物检测技术开发方面已取得较大进展:根据待测样品的性质可使用快速溶剂萃取、固相微萃取等多种提取方法,凝胶渗透色谱、多层复合层析柱和固相萃取柱是有效的净化手段,采用气相色谱-质谱或液相色谱-质谱实现了对指示性单体准确定性定量,检出限可达ng/g级。但对于环境影响较大的新型有机污染物如手性多氯联苯(PCBs),由于各手性PCBs单体之间在分离过程中发生峰共溢现象,需要应用专门的手性色谱柱进行分析,尚未建立可靠的检测方法。本文认为,一方面需要探索磁性固相基质分散萃取技术等高效的前处理技术对干扰物质进行有效分离;另一方面需要提高全二维气相/液相色谱、傅里叶变换质谱等色谱/质谱检测技术的识别性和灵敏度,开发出简便、标准化的定量方法。

关键词: 持久性有机污染物, 药物及个人护理品, 消毒水副产物, 气相色谱-高分辨质谱, 液相色谱-质谱

Review on the Analytical Methods of Typical Emerging Organic Pollutants in the Environment

KEY WORDS: persistent organic pollutants, pharmaceuticals and personal care products, disinfection byproducts, Gas Chromatography-High Resolution Mass Spectrometry, Liquid Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry

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环境介质中典型新型有机污染物分析技术研究进展

朱帅, 沈亚婷, 贾静, 田芹