【引用本文】 陈舒, 焦杏春, 盖楠, 等. 我国东部农村地区土壤及水环境中全氟化合物的组成特征和来源初探[J]. 岩矿测试, 2015, 34(5): 579-585. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.2015.05.014
CHEN Shu, JIAO Xing-chun, GAI Nan, et al. Composition and Source of Perfluorinated Compounds in Soil and Waters from the Rural Areas in Eastern China[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2015, 34(5): 579-585. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.2015.05.014

我国东部农村地区土壤及水环境中全氟化合物的组成特征和来源初探

1. 

国家地质实验测试中心, 北京 100037

2. 

青岛大学化学化工和环境学院, 山东 青岛 266071

收稿日期: 2015-03-31  修回日期: 2015-07-16  接受日期: 2015-09-05

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目(41003044);中国地质调查局工作项目(1212011220058, 1212011301520)

作者简介: 陈舒, 博士研究生, 环境地球化学专业. E-mail: chen1987shu@126.com.。

通讯作者: 杨永亮, 研究员, 主要从事环境地球化学研究工作. E-mail: ylyang2003@163.com.

Composition and Source of Perfluorinated Compounds in Soil and Waters from the Rural Areas in Eastern China

1. 

National Research Center for Geoanalysis, Beijing 100037, China

2. 

College of Environmental Sciences, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, China

Corresponding author: YANG Yong-liang, ylyang2003@163.com

Received Date: 2015-03-31
Revised Date: 2015-07-16
Accepted Date: 2015-09-05

摘要:关于全氟化合物(PFCs)在我国农村环境中的分布还未见相关的报道。本文利用固相萃取分离富集结合高效液相色谱-电喷雾负电离源串联质谱法分析我国东部8个农村地区土壤、地表水、地下水样品中17种PFCs的污染水平和组成特征, 并利用比值法初步判定了水环境中PFCs的污染来源。结果显示, 土壤中全氟羧酸类以PFOA为主(0.34~14.5 ng/g), 全氟烷基磺酸类以PFOS为主(0.02~0.08 ng/g); 地表水中PFCs以PFOA、PFHxA、PFOS和PFBA为主(4.8~29.6、0.73~31.8、nd~7.1和nd~6.1 ng/L); 地下水中PFCs主要为PFOA、PFHxA、PFBA(nd~176、nd~50.1和0.08~16.1 ng/L)。土壤及水环境中PFCs总体上呈现从南到北递减的趋势; 地表水中PFCs污染源大致分为生活污水和大气沉降两大类, 其中大气沉降的贡献较大。

关键词: 全氟化合物, 土壤, 地下水和地表水, 组成特征, 来源解析, 东部地区

Composition and Source of Perfluorinated Compounds in Soil and Waters from the Rural Areas in Eastern China

KEY WORDS: Perfluorinated Compounds (PFCs), soil, surface water and groundwater, composition characteristics, source identification, eastern China region

本文参考文献

[1]

Wang P, Wang T, Giesy J P, et al. Perfluorinated Compounds in Soils from Liaodong Bay with Concentrated Fluorine Industry Parks in China[J].Chemosphere, 2013, 91: 751-757. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2013.02.017

[2]

金一和, 丁梅, 翟成, 等. 长江三峡库区江水和武汉地区地面水中PFOS和PFOA污染现状调查[J]. 生态环境, 2006, 15(3): 486-489.

Jin Y H, Ding M, Zhai C, et al. An Investigation of the PFOS and PFOA Pollution in Three Gorges Reservoir Areas of the Yangtze River and Surface Water of Wuhan Areas[J]. Ecology and Environment, 2006, 15(3): 486-489.

[3]

Yang L P, Zhu L Y, Liu Z T, et al. Occurrence and Partition of Perfluorinated Compounds in Water and Sediment from Liao River and Taihu Lake, China[J].Chemosphere, 2011, 83: 806-814. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2011.02.075

[4]

Wang T Y, Khim J S, Chen C L, et al. Perfluorinated Compounds in Surface Waters from Northern China:Comparison to Level of Industrialization[J].Environment International, 2012, 42: 37-46. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2011.03.023

[5]

Wang T, Lu Y, Chen C, et al. Perfluorinated Compounds in Estuarine and Coastal Areas of North Bohai Sea, China[J].Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2011, 62(8): 1905-1914. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2011.05.029

[6]

Sun H W, Li F S, Zhang T, et al. Perfluorinated Com-pounds in Surface Waters and WWTPs in Shenyang, China:Mass Flows and Source Analysis[J].Water Research, 2011, 45(15): 4483-4490. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2011.05.036

[7]

魏明翠, 钟文珏, 赵丽霞, 等. 南方某氟化学工业园周围环境中全氟化合物的分布研究[J]. 环境科学学报, 2013, 33(7): 1989-1995.

Wei M C, Zhong W J, Zhao L X, et al. Distribution and Profile of Perfluorinated Compounds in the Environment around a Fluorine Chemistry Industrial Park in South China[J]. Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae, 2013, 33(7): 1989-1995.

[8]

胡国成, 郑海, 张丽娟, 等. 珠江三角洲土壤中全氟化合物污染特征研究[J]. 中国环境科学, 2013, 33(Supplement): 37-42.

Hu G C, Zheng H, Zhang L J, et al. Contamination Characteristics of Perfluorinated Compounds in Soil from Pearl River Delta, South China[J]. China Environmental Science, 2013, 33(Supplement): 37-42.

[9]

Milinovic J, Lacorte S, Vidal M, et al. Sorption Behaviour of Perfluoroalkyl Substances in Soils[J].Science of the Total Environment, 2015, 511: 63-71. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.12.017

[10]

Zhao L J, Zhou M, Zhang T, et al. Polyfluorinated and Perfluorinated Chemicals in Precipitation and Runoff from Cities Across Eastern and Central China[J].Archives of Environment Contamination and Toxicology, 2013, 64(2): 198-207. doi: 10.1007/s00244-012-9832-x

[11]

Li F, Zhang C, Qu Y, et al. Quantitative Characterization of Short-and Long-chain Perfluorinated Acids in Solid Matrices in Shanghai, China[J].Science of the Total Environment, 2010, 408(3): 617-623. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.10.032

[12]

Wang T Y, Lu Y L, Chen C L, et al. Perfluorinated Compounds in a Coastal Industrial Area of Tianjin, China[J].Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 2012, 34(3): 301-311. doi: 10.1007/s10653-011-9422-2

[13]

Wang T Y, Chen C L, Naile J E, et al. Perfluorinated Compounds in Water, Sediment and Soil from Guanting Reservoir, China[J].Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 2011, 87(1): 74-79. doi: 10.1007/s00128-011-0307-y

[14]

孟晶, 王铁宇, 王佩, 等. 淮河流域土壤中全氟化合物的空间分布及组成特征[J]. 环境科学, 2013, 34(8): 3188-3194.

Meng J, Wang T Y, Wang P, et al. Spatial Distribution and Composition of Perfluorinated Compounds in Soils around the Huaihe River[J]. Environmental Science, 2013, 34(8): 3188-3194.

[15]

Lu G H, Yang Y L, Taniyasu S, et al. Potential Exposure of Perfluorinated Compounds to Chinese in Shenyang and Yangtze River Delta Areas[J].Environmental Chemistry, 2011, 8(4): 407-418.

[16]

张大文, 王冬根, 张莉, 等. 太湖梅梁湾全氟化合物污染现状研究[J]. 环境科学学报, 2012, 32(12): 2978-2985.

Zhang D W, Wang D G, Zhang L, et al. A Study on the Perfluorinated Compounds Pollution in Meiliang Bay, Taihu Lake[J]. Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae, 2012, 32(12): 2978-2985.

[17]

Armitage J M, Macleod M, Cousins I T, et al. Comparative Assessment of the Global Fate and Transport Pathways of Long-chain Perfluorocarboxylic Acids (PFCAs) and Perfluorocarboxylates (PFCs) Emitted from Direct Sources[J].Environmental Science and Technology, 2009, 43(5): 5830-5836.

[18]

Yu J, Hu J, Tanaka S, et al. Perfluorooctane Sulfonate (PFOS) and Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA) in Sewage Treatment Plants[J].Water Research, 2009, 43(9): 2399-2408. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2009.03.009

[19]

Pan Y Y, Shi Y L, Wang J M, et al. Evaluation of Perfluorinated Compounds in Seven Wastewater Treatment Plants in Beijing Urban Areas[J].Science of China (Chemistry), 2011, 54(3): 552-558. doi: 10.1007/s11426-010-4093-x

[20]

Minnesota Department of Health. PFBA in Groundwater in the South East Metro Area[R]. Environmental Health Information, 2008.

[21]

Kwok K Y, Taniyasu S, Yeung L W Y, et al. Flux of Perfluorinated Chemicals through Wet Deposition in Japan, the United States, and Several Other Countries[J].Envionmental Science & Technology, 2010, 44(18): 7043-7049.

[22]

Ahrens L, Felizeter S, Sturm R, et al. Polyfluorinated Compounds in Waste Water Treatment Plant Effluents and Surface Waters along the River Elbe, Germany[J].Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2009, 58(9): 1326-1333. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2009.04.028

[23]

Simcik M F, Dorweiler K J. Ratio of Perfluorochemical Concentrations as a Tracer of Atmospheric Deposition to Surface Waters[J].Environmental Science and Technology, 2005, 39(22): 8678-8683. doi: 10.1021/es0511218

[24]

Salam M A, Hossain M S, Haq M A, et al. Deposion Flux of Perfluorinated Compounds in Wet Deposition Samples in Yokohama, Japan[J].Journal of Biosciences, 2009, 17: 7-12.

相似文献(共20条)

[1]

黄园英, 吴淑琪, 佟玲, 张玲金. 土壤中持久性有机污染物分析的前处理方法. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(2): 81-86.

[2]

李刚, 苏文峰. 焙烧分离-氢化物发生-原子荧光光谱法测定土壤样品中微量硒. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(2): 120-122.

[3]

史冰洁, 李小娜, 帅琴, 庞绪贵, 代杰瑞, 胡圣虹. 山东烟台地区苹果果园土壤中DDTs和HCHs残留分布特征与来源解析. 岩矿测试, 2012, 31(2): 318-324.

[4]

方金梅. 福州市土壤硒形态分析及其迁移富集规律. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(2): 103-107.

[5]

江林, 刘晓端, 张静. 土壤中不同形态砷的分析方法. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(3): 179-183.

[6]

齐璐璐, 赵会芹, 陈子学, 郑育锁, 孟凡辉, 肖波, 张颖. 连续光源原子吸收光谱法测定土壤水溶性盐中钙镁. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(2): 95-98.

[7]

刘广民, 尹莉莉, 董永亮, 肖宇芳. 土壤中五氯酚的快速测定. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(2): 117-119.

[8]

路国慧, 沈亚婷, 何俊, 袁帆, 杨永亮, 饶竹. 高效液相色谱-串联质谱法测定黄河河口段水中全氟化合物的初步研究. 岩矿测试, 2012, 31(1): 147-153.

[9]

李国会. X射线荧光光谱法测定土壤和水系沉积物中的痕量铪和锆. 岩矿测试, 2001, (3): 217-219.

[10]

罗松光, 谢文明, 葛晓立, 张光弟, 李奇. 北京密云房山地区土壤中多环芳烃的组成与分布特征. 岩矿测试, 2004, (2): 132-136.

[11]

魏峰, 沈小明, 陈海英, 沈加林. 土壤和沉积物中22种有机氯农药和8种多氯联苯的气相色谱分析. 岩矿测试, 2013, 32(6): 952-958.

[12]

吴峥, 熊英, 王龙山. 自制氢化物发生系统与电感耦合等离子体发射光谱法联用测定土壤和水系沉积物中的砷锑铋. 岩矿测试, 2015, 34(5): 533-538. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.2015.05.006

[13]

黄增芳, 苏美霞, 王忠, 李世宝, 王喜宽, 赵锁志, 张青. 河套地区土壤基准值及背景值特征. 岩矿测试, 2007, 26(4): 287-292.

[14]

于兆水, 张勤, 刘玲. 氢化物发生-原子荧光光谱法测定土壤中水溶态砷(Ⅲ)和砷(Ⅴ). 岩矿测试, 2012, 31(5): 838-841.

[15]

时磊, 孙艳艳, 吕爱娟, 蔡小虎, 沈小明, 沈加林. 长三角部分地区土壤中22种有机氯农药的分布特征. 岩矿测试, 2016, 35(1): 75-81. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.2016.01.013

[16]

赵庆令, 李清彩, 谢江坤, 李元仲, 姬永红, 庞成宝, 万淼. 应用富集系数法和地累积指数法研究济宁南部区域土壤重金属污染特征及生态风险评价. 岩矿测试, 2015, 34(1): 129-137. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.2015.01.017

[17]

沙艳梅, 赵学沛, 张歌, 焦万里, 张丹阳. 多向观测电感耦合等离子体发射光谱法同时测定土壤和水系沉积物中常量和微量元素. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(4): 291-294.

[18]

陈永欣, 黎香荣, 韦新红, 吕泽娥, 谢毓群, 蔡维专. 微波消解-电感耦合等离子体质谱法测定土壤和沉积物中痕量稀土元素. 岩矿测试, 2011, 30(5): 560-565.

[19]

张莉娟, 刘义博, 李小莉, 徐铁民. 超细粉末压片法-X射线荧光光谱测定水系沉积物和土壤中的主量元素. 岩矿测试, 2014, 33(4): 517-522.

[20]

李东, 罗立强, 詹秀春, 李迎春, 唐力君. 中国大陆科学钻探主孔4906米附近氦气体异常的解析. 岩矿测试, 2006, 25(1): 1-4.

计量
  • PDF下载量(923)
  • 文章访问量(1675)
  • HTML全文浏览量(20)
  • 被引次数(0)
目录

Figures And Tables

我国东部农村地区土壤及水环境中全氟化合物的组成特征和来源初探

陈舒, 焦杏春, 盖楠, 殷效彩, 朴海涛, 路国慧, 李小洁, 饶竹, 杨永亮