【引用本文】 王学锋, 许春雪, 顾雪, 等. 典型稀土矿区周边土壤中稀土元素含量及赋存形态研究[J]. 岩矿测试, 2019, 38(2): 137-146. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201807180085
WANG Xue-feng , XU Chun-xue , GU Xue , et al. Concentration and Occurrence of Rare Earth Elements in Soil Surrounding Rare Earth Ore Area[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2019, 38(2): 137-146. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201807180085

典型稀土矿区周边土壤中稀土元素含量及赋存形态研究

1. 国家地质实验测试中心, 北京 100037;

2. 中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所, 北京 100029;

3. 中国地质大学(武汉)地球科学学院, 湖北 武汉 430074;

4. 中国地质科学院地球物理地球化学勘查研究所, 河北 廊坊 065000;

5. 广东核力工程勘察院, 广东 广州 510800

收稿日期: 2018-07-18  修回日期: 2018-12-18 

基金项目: 中国地质调查局地质调查项目(DD20160095)

作者简介: 王学锋,硕士,工程师,从事地球化学及地质年代学研究。E-mail:xf2009wang@163.com。。

Concentration and Occurrence of Rare Earth Elements in Soil Surrounding Rare Earth Ore Area

1. National Research Center for Geoanalysis, Beijing 100037, China;

2. Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Chinese Academy of Science, Beijing 100029, China;

3. Faculty of Earth Sciences, China University of Geoscience(Wuhan), Wuhan 430074, China;

4. Institute of Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Langfang 065000, China;

5. Guang Dong Nuclear Power Institute of Engineering Exploration, Guangzhou 510800, China

Received Date: 2018-07-18
Revised Date: 2018-12-18

摘要:为研究不同类型稀土矿区周边土壤中稀土元素(REE)的含量与形态特征,进而为矿区周边污染环境治理提供理论支持与科学建议。本文采用欧盟BCR顺序提取法、电感耦合等离子体质谱测定的方法,对内蒙古白云鄂博稀土尾矿区和江西赣南稀土矿区周边6个土壤样品中15种稀土元素进行了含量及形态分析测定。结果表明:矿区周边土壤中稀土元素总量约为264~15955μg/g,明显高于全国土壤背景值(186μg/g),白云鄂博尾矿区周边土壤富集轻稀土元素,稀土元素主要以残渣态富集,占总含量的64.0%~89.4%,生物有效性较低,对环境影响较小;赣南矿区周边土壤富集重稀土元素,稀土元素的主要存在形式是弱酸提取态和可还原态,占总含量的70%以上,易发生迁移转化,对周边环境造成污染。土壤中稀土元素的形态分布与pH值有显著相关性,随着土壤pH值的降低,稀土元素的弱酸提取态含量不断升高,残渣态含量不断降低。

关键词: 土壤, 稀土元素, 形态分析, 顺序提取

Concentration and Occurrence of Rare Earth Elements in Soil Surrounding Rare Earth Ore Area

KEY WORDS: soil, REE, speciation analysis, sequential extraction procedure

本文参考文献

[1]

樊连杰,裴建国,赵良杰,等.利用ICP-MS研究桂林寨底地下河系统中碳酸盐岩稀土元素特征及其形成环境[J].岩矿测试,2016,35(3):251-258.

Fan L J,Pei J G,Zhao L J.et.al.Rare earth element composition of carbonate rocks afforded by ICP-MS and formation environment of the Zhaidi underground river in Guilin[J].Rock and Mineral Analysis,2016,35(3):251-258.

[2]

刘菁钧,赖子娟,刘颖.黄河甘宁蒙段表层沉积物中稀土元素形态和分馏作用研究[J].光谱学与光谱分析,2013,33(3):798-803.

Liu J J,Lai Z J,Liu Y.Study on speciation and fractionation of rare earth elements in surface sediments in Gansu,Ningxia and Inner Mongolia Sections of Yellow River[J].Spectroscopy and Spectral Anaylsis,2013,33(3):798-803.

[3]

刘丽君,赵芝,付小方,等.四川稀土矿尾砂的稀土元素和微量元素地球化学特征及开发利用意义[J].岩矿测试,2013,32(5):817-824.

Liu L J,Zhao Z,Fu X F,et al.Geochemistry of rare earth and trace element in rare earth tailings from Sichuan Province and the significance of the exploitation and utilization[J].Rock and Mineral Analysis,2013,32(5):817-824.

[4]

Zhang Y,Gao X L,Arthur C,et al.Rare earth elements in intertidal sediments of Bohai Bay,China:Concentration,fractionation and the influence of sediment texture[J].Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety,2014,105:72-79.

[5]

程建忠,车丽萍.中国稀土资源开采现状及发展趋势[J].稀土,2010,31(2):65-69.

Cheng J Z,Che L P.Current mining situation and potential development of rare earth in China[J].Chinese Rare Earths,2010,31(2):65-69.

[6]

Mittermüller M,Saatz J,Daus B.A sequential extraction procedure to evaluate the mobilization behavior of rare earth elements in soils and tailings materials[J].Chemosphere,2016,147:155-162.

[7]

Gabarrón M,Faz A,Martínez-Martínez S,et al.Assess-ment of metals behaviour in industrial soil using sequential extraction,multivariable analysis and a geostatistical approach[J].Journal of Geochemical Exploration,2017,172:174-183.

[8]

Nemati K,Bakar N K A,Abas M R,et al.Speciation of heavy metals by modified BCR sequential extraction procedure in different depths of sediments from Sungai Buloh,Selangor,Malaysia[J].Journal of Hazardous Materials,2011,192:402-410.

[9]

Rao C R M,Sahuquillo A,Lopez-Sanchez J F.Compari-son of single and sequential extraction procedures for the study of rare earth elements remobilisation in different types of soils[J].Analytica Chimica Acta,2010,662(2):128-136.

[10]

王亚平,黄毅,王苏明,等.土壤和沉积物中元素的化学形态及其顺序提取法[J].地质通报,2005,24(8):728-734.

Wang Y P,Huang Y,Wang S M,et al.Chemical speciation of elements in sediments and soils and their sequential extraction process[J].Geological Bulletin of China,2005,24(8):728-734.

[11]

Gleyzes C,Tellier S,Astruc M.Fractionation studies of trace elements in contaminated soils and sediments:A review of sequential extraction procedures[J].2002,21(6):451-467.

[12]

王立军,王玉琦,章申,等.中国不同类型土壤中稀土元素的形态分布特征[J].中国稀土学报,1997,15(1):65-71.

Wang L J,Wang Y Q,Zhang S,et al.Speciation of rare earth elements in different types of soils in China[J].Journal of the Chinese Rare Earth Society,1997,15(1):65-71.

[13]

Šmuc N R,Dolenec T,Serafimovski T,et al.Geochemi-cal characteristics of rare earth elements (REEs) in the paddy soil and rice (Oryza sativa L.) system of Kǒani Field,Republic of Macedonia[J].Geoderma,2012,183-184:1-11.

[14]

郭鹏然,贾晓宇,段太成,等.土壤中稀土元素的形态分析[J].分析化学,2008,36(11):1483-1487.

Guo P R,Jia X Y,Duan T C,et al.Speciation analysis of rare earth elements in soil[J].Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry,2008,36(11):1483-1487.

[15]

翟海,杨永岗,胡霭堂.对我国二十种土壤中稀土元素形态分组的研究[J].稀土,2001,22(3):1-5.

Zhai H,Yang Y G,Hu A T.Study of rare earths fractionation in 20 types of soils of China[J].Chinese Rare Earths,2001,22(3):1-5.

[16]

郭伟,付瑞英,赵仁鑫,等.内蒙古包头白云鄂博矿区及尾矿区周围土壤稀土污染现状和分布特征[J].环境科学,2013,34(5):1895-1900.

Guo W,Fu R Y,Zhao R X,et al.Distribution characteristics and current situation of soil rare earth contamination in the Bayan Obo Mining Area and Baotou tailing reservoir in Inner Mongolia[J].Environmental Science,2013,34(5):1895-1900.

[17]

金姝兰,黄益宗,胡莹,等.江西典型稀土矿区土壤和农作物中稀土元素含量及其健康风险评价[J].环境科学学报,2014,34(12):3084-3093.

Jin S L,Huang Y Z,Hu Y,et al.Rare earth elements content and health risk assessment of soil and crops in typical rare earth mine area in Jiangxi Province[J].Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae,2014,34(12):3084-3093.

[18]

刘斯文,黄园英,韩子金,等.离子型稀土矿山土壤生态修复研究与实践[J].环境工程,2015,33(11):160-165.

Liu S W,Huang Y Y,Han Z J,et al.Practices of the soil ecological remediation in ion-absorbed rare earth mine[J].Environmental Engineering,2015,33(11):160-165.

[19]

吴石头,王亚平,孙德忠,等.电感耦合等离子体发射光谱法测定稀土矿石中15种稀土元素——四种前处理方法的比较[J].岩矿测试,2014,33(1):12-19.

Wu S T,Wang Y P,Sun D Z,et al.Determination of 15 rare earth elements in rare earth ores by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry:A comparison of four different pretreatment[J].Rock and Mineral Analysis,2014,33(1):12-19.

[20]

贾双琳,赵平,杨刚,等.混合酸敞开或高压密闭溶样-ICPMS测定地质样品中稀土元素[J].岩矿测试,2014,33(2):186-191.

Jia S L,Zhao P,Yang G,et al.Quick Determination of rare earth elements in geological samples with open acid digestion or high-pressure closed digestion by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry[J].Rock and Mineral Analysis,2014,33(2):186-191.

[21]

孙德忠,何红蓼.封闭酸溶-等离子体质谱法分析超细粒度地质样品中42个元素[J].岩矿测试,2007,26(1):21-25.

Sun D Z,He H l.Determination of 42 elements in ultra-fine geological samples by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry with pressurized acid digestion[J].Rock and Mineral Analysis,2007,26(1):21-25.

[22]

吴磊,刘义博,王家松,等. 高压密闭消解-电感耦合等离子体质谱法测定锰矿石中的稀土元素前处理方法研究[J].岩矿测试,2018,37(6):637-643.

Wu L,Liu Y B,Wang J S,et al.Sample treatment methods for determination of rare earth elements in manganese ore by high-pressure closed digestion-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry[J].Rock and Mineral Analysis,2018,37(6):637-643.

[23]

刘晔,第五春荣,柳小明,等.密闭高温高压溶样ICP-MS测定56种国家地质标准物质中的36种痕量元素——对部分元素参考值修正和定值的探讨[J].岩矿测试,2013,32(2):221-228.

Liu Y,Di Wu C R,Liu X M,et al.Determination of 3636 trace elements in 56 chinese national standard reference materials by ICP-MS with pressurized acid-digestion[J].Rock and Mineral Analysis,2013,32(2):221-228.

[24]

Matong J M,Nyaba L,Nomngongo P N.Fractionation of trace elements in agricultural soils using ultrasound assisted sequential extraction prior to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometric determination[J].Chemosphere,2016,154:249-257.

[25]

Sutherland R A.BCR®-701:A review of 10-years of sequential extraction analyses[J].Analytica Chimica Acta,2010,680(1-2):10-20.

[26]

中国环境监测总站.中国土壤元素背景值[M].北京:中国环境科学出版社,1990. China National Environmental Monitoring Centre.Background Value of Soil Elements in China[M].Beijing:China Enviromental Science Press,1990.

[27]

郑春丽,张志彬,刘启容,等.稀土尾矿库区土壤中稀土形态分布规律研究[J].稀土,2016,37(2):73-80.

Zheng C L,Zhang Z B,Liu Q R,et al.Rare earth distribution in the soil around rare earth tailings[J].Chinese Rare Earths,2016,37(2):73-80.

[28]

丁友超,刘国庆,王晓蓉.稀土元素在土壤中的环境化学行为及其生物效应[J].农业环境科学学报,2002,21(6):567-569.

Ding Y C,Liu G Q,Wang X R.Environmental chemical behaviors of rare earth elements in soil and their biological effects[J].Agro-Environmental Protection,2002,21(6):567-569.

[29]

吴澄宇,黄典豪,郭中勋.江西龙南地区花岗岩风化壳中稀土元素的地球化学研究[J].地质学报,1989,63(4):349-362.

Wu C Y,Huang D H,Guo Z X.REE geochemistry in the weathering process of granites in Longnan county,Jiangxi Province[J].Acta Geologica Sinica,1989,63(4):349-362.

[30]

高效江,王玉琦,章申,等.赣南亚热带地球化学景观中稀土元素的分布和分异特征[J].应用基础与工程科学学报,1997,5(1):30-38.

Gao X J,Wang Y Q,Zhang S,et al.The distribution and differentiation of rare earth elements in the geochemical landscape in a sub-tropical zone,Southern Jiangxi[J].Journal of Basic Science and Engineering,1997,5(1):30-38.

[31]

曹心德,陈莹,王晓蓉.环境条件变化对土壤中稀土元素溶解释放的影响[J].中国环境科学,2000,20(6):486-490.

Cao X D,Chen Y,Wang X R.The effects of change of environmental conditions on the release ond species transformation of rare earth elements (REEs) in soil[J].China Environmental Science,2000,20(6):486-490.

[32]

罗才贵,罗仙平,苏佳,等.离子型稀土矿山环境问题及其治理方法[J].金属矿山,2014,43(6):91-96.

Luo C G,Luo X P,Su J,et al.Environmental problems and treatment measures in ionic-type rare earth mine[J].Metal Mine,2014,43(6):91-96.

相似文献(共20条)

[1]

方金梅. 福州市土壤硒形态分析及其迁移富集规律. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(2): 103-107.

[2]

黄园英, 吴淑琪, 佟玲, 张玲金. 土壤中持久性有机污染物分析的前处理方法. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(2): 81-86.

[3]

杨红霞, 刘崴, 李冰. 碘分析方法研究进展. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(2): 127-136.

[4]

江林, 刘晓端, 张静. 土壤中不同形态砷的分析方法. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(3): 179-183.

[5]

邓天龙, 吴怡, 徐青, 廖梦霞. 水环境中氮磷形态分析方法研究进展. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(2): 137-141.

[6]

齐璐璐, 赵会芹, 陈子学, 郑育锁, 孟凡辉, 肖波, 张颖. 连续光源原子吸收光谱法测定土壤水溶性盐中钙镁. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(2): 95-98.

[7]

杨红霞, 何红蓼, 李冰, 倪哲明. 环境样品中痕量元素的化学形态分析Ⅱ.砷汞镉锡铅硒铬的形态分析. 岩矿测试, 2005, (2): 118-128.

[8]

刘广民, 尹莉莉, 董永亮, 肖宇芳. 土壤中五氯酚的快速测定. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(2): 117-119.

[9]

李刚, 苏文峰. 焙烧分离-氢化物发生-原子荧光光谱法测定土壤样品中微量硒. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(2): 120-122.

[10]

查立新, 马玲, 刘文长, 刘洪青, 陈波, 冯玲玲. 振荡提取和超声提取用于土壤样品中元素形态分析. 岩矿测试, 2011, 30(4): 393-399.

[11]

倪哲明, 李冰, 何红蓼, 杨红霞. 环境样品中痕量元素的化学形态分析Ⅰ.分析技术在化学形态分析中的应用. 岩矿测试, 2005, (1): 51-58.

[12]

许春雪, 袁建, 王亚平, 王苏明, 代阿芳. 沉积物中磷的赋存形态及磷形态顺序提取分析方法. 岩矿测试, 2011, 30(6): 785-794.

[13]

张向阳, 韩占涛, 刘福亮, 桂建业. 土壤中氟的形态分析. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(4): 284-286.

[14]

徐厚玲, 马玲, 潘同应, 刘文长, 刘洪青. 生态地球化学土壤样品元素形态分析方法研究. 岩矿测试, 2005, (3): 181-188.

[15]

赵文海, 张华新, 李锡坤, 李展强, 张汉萍, 李海萍. 广州市黄埔港区土壤中汞的形态分析及分布特征. 岩矿测试, 2005, (1): 31-35.

[16]

, 梅俊, 熊采华. 氢化物发生原子荧光光谱法测定土壤中络合态锑. 岩矿测试, 2002, (4): 275-278.

[17]

陈永欣, 黎香荣, 韦新红, 吕泽娥, 谢毓群, 蔡维专. 微波消解-电感耦合等离子体质谱法测定土壤和沉积物中痕量稀土元素. 岩矿测试, 2011, 30(5): 560-565.

[18]

王龙山, 胡建平, 王光照, 郝辉. 偏硼酸锂熔矿-超声提取-电感耦合等离子体发射光谱法测定岩石水系沉积物土壤样品中硅铝铁等10种元素. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(4): 287-290.

[19]

伊丽莹. 地质样品中稀土元素分析进展. 岩矿测试, 1992, (1): 173-178.

[20]

李锡坤, , 李鉴伦. 土壤中元素有效态分析质量管理实践. 岩矿测试, 2001, (4): 294-296.

计量
  • PDF下载量(9)
  • 文章访问量(51)
  • 被引次数(0)
目录

Figures And Tables

典型稀土矿区周边土壤中稀土元素含量及赋存形态研究

王学锋, 许春雪, 顾雪, 王亚平, 李开, 鲍征宇