【引用本文】 郭婕, 张燕, 胡振国, 等. 环境水样中农药污染分析技术研究进展[J]. 岩矿测试, 2021, 40(1): 16-32. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.202008110111
GUO Jie , ZHANG Yan , HU Zhen-guo , et al. A Review of Pesticide Pollution Analysis Techniques for Environmental Water Samples[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2021, 40(1): 16-32. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.202008110111

环境水样中农药污染分析技术研究进展

1. 中国地质大学(北京)水资源与环境学院, 水资源与环境工程北京市重点实验室, 北京 100083;

2. 中石化石油工程地球物理有限公司, 北京 100029

收稿日期: 2020-08-11  修回日期: 2020-10-08 

作者简介: 郭婕,硕士研究生,环境工程专业。E-mail:1085245060@qq.com。。

A Review of Pesticide Pollution Analysis Techniques for Environmental Water Samples

1. Beijing Key Laboratory of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, School of Water Resources and Environment, China University of Geosciences(Beijing), Beijing 100083, China;

2. SINOPEC Petroleum Engineering Geophysics Co., LTD, Beijing 100029, China

Received Date: 2020-08-11
Revised Date: 2020-10-08

摘要:随着农业集约化和城市化的推进,世界上大量水环境中农药残留量已超过规定的限值,水环境中农药污染问题受到社会各界的广泛关注。作为世界上最大的农药生产国和使用国,中国水环境中农药残留量远高于其他发达国家,已有研究在我国七个典型流域(长江、太湖、黄河、松花江、黑龙江、大运河和东江)中检测到19种农药,平均浓度范围为0.02~332.75ng/L。农药及其转化产物对生态环境和人体健康具有潜在威胁,水环境中农药残留的研究是水质评估中必不可少的组成部分,而靶向筛查难以检测未知农药及其转化产物。因此,环境中农药残留及其转化产物的非靶向筛查亟需完善。依据农药组分非靶向筛查的分析流程,本文对近5年水质样品中农药残留靶向及非靶向筛查方法进行综述,首先梳理了近年来国内外食品与水环境中农药残留限量的相关法律法规,对近年来水环境中农药残留分析方法的研究进展进行概述;梳理液液萃取(LLE)、固相萃取(SPE)、固相微萃取(SPME)等前处理方法的特点,其中固相萃取是农药非靶向筛查的主要前处理方法,具有良好应用前景;探讨了分析仪器从色谱检测到色谱质谱联用的发展趋势,多种高分辨率质谱的产生为农药非靶向筛查提供了多层次的分析需求;最后,总结了近年来农药筛查确证相关的指导标准、质谱数据库与多种鉴定方法,并对水环境中农药污染分析技术的发展趋势进行展望。

关键词: 高分辨质谱, 非靶向筛查, 农药, 数据库

A Review of Pesticide Pollution Analysis Techniques for Environmental Water Samples

KEY WORDS: high resolution mass spectrometry, non-targeted screening, pesticide, database

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环境水样中农药污染分析技术研究进展

郭婕, 张燕, 胡振国, 刘菲