【引用本文】 陈宗定, 许春雪, 安子怡, 等. 土壤碳赋存形态及分析方法研究进展[J]. 岩矿测试, 2019, 38(2): 233-244. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201709270148
CHEN Zong-ding , XU Chun-xue , AN Zi-yi , et al. Research Progress of Fraction and Analysis Methods of Soil Carbon[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2019, 38(2): 233-244. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201709270148

土壤碳赋存形态及分析方法研究进展

国家地质实验测试中心, 北京 100037

收稿日期: 2017-09-27  修回日期: 2018-06-19 

基金项目: 中国地质科学院基本科研业务费项目(YYWF201622);国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFF0201103)

作者简介: 陈宗定,硕士,主要从事地质矿产标准化研究。E-mail:ding_5424@126.com。。

Research Progress of Fraction and Analysis Methods of Soil Carbon

National Research Center for Geoanalysis, Beijing 100037, China

Received Date: 2017-09-27
Revised Date: 2018-06-19

摘要:研究土壤碳的赋存形态不仅利于了解碳的迁移转化规律,而且可以为土壤固碳提供科学依据。目前对各形态碳(尤其是有机碳中的慢性及惰性组分)缺乏系统的分析研究。基于此,本文综述了土壤中碳的主要赋存形态,各形态碳的组成、分布及作用,土壤碳的分析、分离方法。土壤无机碳储量约占全球总碳库的38%,赋存形态以碳酸盐为主。土壤有机碳主要分为活性碳库(周转期0.1~4.5年)、慢性碳库(周转期5~50年)和惰性碳库(周转期50~3000年)。其中可溶性有机碳、易氧化有机碳和微生物量碳属于活性有机碳库这一范畴,可以较为灵敏地反映土壤理化性质的微小变化;轻组有机碳和颗粒有机碳属于慢性有机碳库,可作为土壤有机质周转变化的重要指标;重组有机碳和矿物结合态有机碳属于惰性有机碳库,是土壤有机碳固持的重要机制之一。目前土壤中碳酸盐测定方法主要为气量法和滴定法;有机碳分析方法包括容量法、比色法和重量法。本文提出,今后应加强对无机碳及有机碳中的惰性组分研究,同时对土壤有机碳各组分概念及测定方法进行统一,并开展不同地域、不同土壤类型、不同浓度的土壤碳形态标准物质研制工作。

关键词: 土壤碳, 赋存形态, 分布特征, 分析方法, 分离方法, 标准物质

Research Progress of Fraction and Analysis Methods of Soil Carbon

KEY WORDS: soil carbon, fractions, distribution characteristics, analysis method, separation method, reference material

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土壤碳赋存形态及分析方法研究进展

陈宗定, 许春雪, 安子怡, 王亚平, 孙德忠, 王苏明