【引用本文】 杨文蕾, 沈亚婷, . 水稻对砷吸收的机理及控制砷吸收的农艺途径研究进展[J]. 岩矿测试, 2020, 39(4): 475-492. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.202004160052
YANG Wen-lei, SHEN Ya-ting. A Review of Research Progress on the Absorption Mechanism of Arsenic and Agronomic Pathways to Control Arsenic Absorption[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2020, 39(4): 475-492. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.202004160052



国家地质实验测试中心, 北京 100037


中国地质大学(北京), 北京 100083


自然资源部生态地球化学重点实验室, 北京 100037

收稿日期: 2020-04-16  修回日期: 2020-06-06  接受日期: 2020-06-09

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金面上项目(41877505);国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFC0600603)

作者简介: 杨文蕾, 硕士研究生, 主要研究方向为生物地球化学。E-mail:yangwenleiywl@163.com

通信作者: 沈亚婷, 硕士, 副研究员, 主要研究方向为生物地球化学。E-mail:always1204@163.com

A Review of Research Progress on the Absorption Mechanism of Arsenic and Agronomic Pathways to Control Arsenic Absorption


National Research Centrefor Geoanalysis, Beijing 100037, China


China University of Geosciences(Beijing), Beijing 100083, China


Key Laboratory of Eco-Environmental Geochemistry, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing 100037, China

Corresponding author: SHEN Ya-ting, always1204@163.com

Received Date: 2020-04-16
Revised Date: 2020-06-06
Accepted Date: 2020-06-09


关键词: 水稻, , 铁膜, 灌溉, 水管理, 施肥, 土壤改良剂, 健康地质






A Review of Research Progress on the Absorption Mechanism of Arsenic and Agronomic Pathways to Control Arsenic Absorption



Rice is the staple food of about half of the world's population, and the dependence of Asian staple food on rice exceeds 90%. There are varying degrees of arsenic (As) pollution all over the world. As can accumulate in rice and enter the human body, causing health problems.


To reveal the mechanism of As absorption in rice.


The content and species characteristics of As absorbed by rice and the species analysis techniques were reviewed. The mechanisms of As absorption, tolerance and detoxification by rice were summarized.


The content of As in rice ranged from a few to several hundred ng/g. The process of As entering the rice from the soil involved complex physical and chemical changes and species transformation. Arsenic mainly existed in the form of arsenate, arsenite, thiol and methyl coordination in rice. Field water management, fertilization and soil amendments controlled the absorption of As in rice. Each technique had their advantages and disadvantages. Soil pH, redox conditions, organic matter and coexisting elements were the key factors affecting As absorption by rice. Agronomic methods can control the absorption of As by rice. Many factors such as arsenic biogeochemistry and the absorption and metabolism of arsenic in rice agroecosystems affect the concentration of arsenic in rice and grain. Comprehensive consideration of the effects of agronomic activities on soil pH, redox conditions, organic matter structure and coexisting elements, and different geographic factors such as soil characteristics and economic factors were the keys to realize the control of arsenic absorption by rice in production practice.


Comprehensive use of multiple agronomic methods for rice farming is an important way to control the absorption of arsenic in rice in the future. Application of new agronomic methods in the control of arsenic absorption by rice, the impact of climate change on arsenic absorption by rice, and application of non-destructive in situ and in vivo analysis techniques for As speciation analysis, are keys for more scientifically and effectively controlling the arsenic content in rice and reducing the risk of human As exposure on the global scale in the future. These are also the key development directions and challenges in the future.

KEY WORDS: rice, arsenic, iron plaque, aerobic irrigation, water management, fertilization, soil amendment, healthy geology


(1) Soil pH, redox conditions, organic matter and coexisting elements are the key factors affecting As absorption by rice.

(2) The comprehensive use of field water management, fertilization and soil amendments is an important way to control the absorption of As in rice.

(3) Climate change may increase the level of As in rice on a global scale.

(4) Expanding the As speciation analysis is the key to carrying out research on the transport, transformation and toxicity of As in the environment in the future.



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