【引用本文】 杨晓燕, 贾秋淼, 孙大利, 等. 京津冀主要大城市经济发展中城市化与大气环境质量的关系[J]. 岩矿测试, 2021, 40(2): 273-284. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.202011040137
YANG Xiao-yan , JIA Qiu-miao , SUN Da-li , et al. Research on the Relationship between Urbanization and Atmospheric Environmental Quality in the Economic Development of Major Cities in Beijing—Tianjin—Hebei Region[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2021, 40(2): 273-284. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.202011040137

京津冀主要大城市经济发展中城市化与大气环境质量的关系

1. 北京市应对气候变化研究中心, 北京 100071;

2. 中标合信(北京)认证有限公司, 北京 100031

收稿日期: 2020-11-04  修回日期: 2020-11-22 

基金项目: 国家重点研发计划项目“清洁空气管理评价关键技术研究”(2017YFF0211805)

作者简介: 杨晓燕,博士,副研究员,专业方向为气候变化、环境科学、环境地球化学。E-mail:yxy8412@foxmail.com。

Research on the Relationship between Urbanization and Atmospheric Environmental Quality in the Economic Development of Major Cities in Beijing—Tianjin—Hebei Region

1. Beijing Climate Change Research Center, Beijing 100071, China;

2. China Standard Conformity Assessment Co., LTD, Beijing 100033, China

Received Date: 2020-11-04
Revised Date: 2020-11-22

摘要:京津冀城市群在快速城市化进程中,“高耗能、高污染、高排放”的粗放型经济发展模式引发了一系列大气污染问题,亟需协调经济发展与大气污染之间的关系。本文基于2004-2017年北京市、天津市、石家庄市的大气环境质量与城市化各指标数据,运用熵值法多维度研究了城市化进程中大气空气质量的演化规律。选取城市空气主要污染物SO2、NO2、PM10的年均浓度、好于Ⅱ级天天数4个指标反映城市大气环境质量水平,选取地区生产总值、人均GDP、三产比重、建成区面积等10个指标反应城市化发展水平分别进行综合指数模型构建后进行回归拟合。分析表明,城市化对大气污染的影响是各因素共同作用的结果,京津冀三市的城市化综合指数与大气环境污染综合指数分别呈“倒U型”、“正U型”和“倒N型”。将10个城市化指标分别归类为结构效应、规模效应以及活动效应,进一步分析了各类效应对大气污染指数的影响。对于北京市,三类效应各因变量对大气污染均产生负向影响;对于天津市,结构效应、规模效应中的建成区面积和活动效应中的人均GDP、生产总值、居民消费水平和社会消费品零售总额与大气污染呈现负相关关系;对于石家庄市,由于分析数据的时间序列有限,三种效应的各因变量对大气污染的影响不明确。本文研究结果可为京津冀地区的城市生态文明建设提供基础数据支撑。

关键词: 城市化, 大气环境污染, EKC曲线, 拟合关系

Research on the Relationship between Urbanization and Atmospheric Environmental Quality in the Economic Development of Major Cities in Beijing—Tianjin—Hebei Region

KEY WORDS: urbanization, atmospheric pollution, EKC curve, fitting relationship

本文参考文献

[1]

Grossman G M,Krueger A B.Economic growth and the environment[J].The Quarterly Journal of Economics,1995,110(2):353-377.

[2]

谭梦薇.经济增长与环境污染实证研究[J].合作经济与科技,2020(16):42-44. Tan M W.An empirical study on economic growth and environmental pollution[J].Co-Operative Economy & Science,2020

(16):42-44.

[3]

Al-Mulali U,Weng-Wai C,Sheau-Ting L,et al.Investigating the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) hypothesis by utilizing the ecological footprint as an indicator of environmental degradation[J].Ecological Indicators,2015(48):315-323.

[4]

Richard T C,Yongil J,Donald R M.The relationship between air pollution emissions and income:US data[J].Environment and Development Economics,1997,20(12):433-450.

[5]

R-Roda I,Comas J,Poch M.Automatic knowledge acquisition from complex processes for the development of knowledge-based system[J].Industrial Engineering Chemistry Research,2001,40(15):3353-3360.

[6]

Stern D I,Dijk J V.Economic growth and global particulate pollution concentrations[J].Social Science Electronic Publishing,2016,142(3-4):1-16.

[7]

Noroglu E,Robert M.Kuznets and Environmental Kuznets Curves for developing countries[M]//Yülek M.Industrial policy and sustainable growth,sustainable development.Singapore:Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.2017.DOI 10.1007/978-981-10-3964-5_12-1.

[8]

Sinha A,Bhattacharya J.Estimation of Environmental Kuznets Curve for SO2emission:A case of India cities[J].Ecological Indicators,2017,72:881-894.

[9]

李雅男,丁振民,邓元杰,等.中国城市工业化发展与PM2.5的关系:兼论EKC曲线形成的内在机制[J].环境科学,2020,41(4):1987-1995.

Li YN,Ding Z M,Deng Y J,et al.Relationship between urban industrialization and PM2.5 concentration in China and the internal mechanism of EKC[J].Environmental Science,2020,41(4):1987-1995.

[10]

李茜,宋金平,张建辉,等.中国城市化对环境空气质量影响的演化规律研究[J].环境科学学报,2013,22(9):2402-2411.

Li Q,Song J P,Zhang J H,et al.Dynamics in the effect of China's urbanization on air quality[J].Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae,2013,22(9):2402-2411.

[11]

周茜.中国区域经济增长对环境质量的影响:基于东、中、西部地区环境库兹涅茨曲线的实证研究[J].统计与信息论坛,2011,26(10):45-51.

Zhou Q.The effect of China's regional economic growth on the environmental quality:Based on the empirical study of eastern,central and western Kuznets Curve[J].Statistics & Information Forum,2011,26(10):45-51.

[12]

刘华军,裴延峰.我国雾霾污染的环境库兹涅茨曲线检验[J].统计研究,2017,34(3):45-54.

Liu H J,Pei Y F.An empirical test of the environmental Kuznets Curve of China's Haze Pollution[J].Statistical Analysis,2017,34(3):45-54.

[13]

崔秀萍.经济发展中城市化与大气污染曲线拟合相关性研究——以内蒙古呼和浩特市为例[J].干旱区资源与环境,2017,31(11):44-49.

Cui X P.Curve fitting of urbanization and air pollution in economic development of Ho-hhot city,Inner Mongolia[J].Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment,2017,31(11):44-49.

[14]

王盈晓,刘目兴,张永利,等.武汉市城市化进程与大气污染关系探究[J].环境保护科学,2016,42(1):77-82.

Wang Y X,Liu M X,Zhang Y L,et al.Study on the relationship between urbanization process and air pollution in Wuhan city[J].Environmental Protection Science,2016,42(1):77-82.

[15]

张喆,王金南,杨金田,等.城市空气质量与经济发展的曲线估计研究[J].环境与可持续发展,2007,4:36-38. Zhang Z,Wang J N,Yang J T,et al.Study on the curve estimation of urban air quality and economic development[J].Environment and Sustainable Development,2007

,4:36-38.

[16]

唐倩,郑博,薛文博,等.京津冀及周边地区秋冬季大气污染物排放变化因素解析[J].环境科学,2020,https://doi.org/10.13227/j.hjkx.202007218.

Zheng Q,Zheng B,Xue W B,et al.,Contributors to air pollutant emission changes in autumn and winter in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and its surrounding areas[J].Environmental Sciences,2020,https://doi.org/10.13227/j.hjkx.202007218.

[17]

沈楠驰,周丙锋,李珊珊,等.2015-2019年天津市大气污染物时空变化特征及成因分析[J].生态环境学报,2020,29(9):1862-1873.

Shen N C,Zhou B F,Li S S,et al.Temporal and spatial variation characteristics and origin analysis of air pollutants in Tianjin from 2015 to 2019[J].Ecology and Environmental Sciences,2020,29(9):1862-1873.

[18]

杜颖.河北省经济增长与大气污染关系研究[D].北京:中国地质大学(北京),2016. Du Y.Study on the relationship between economic growth and air pollution in Hebei Province[D].Beijing:China university of Geosciences (北京),2016.

[19]

高明,郭峰.城市化对空气质量的影响研究——以京津冀城市群为例[J].环境经济研究,2018(3):88-105. Gao M,Guo F.The influence of urbanization on air quality:A case of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Urban Agglomeration[J].Environmental Economic Research,2018

(3):88-105.

[20]

孙能浩.城市化对环境污染的影响机制分析——基于268个地级市面板数据的实证研究[D].天津:南开大学,2015. Sun N H.The analysis of influence mechanism between urbanization and environment pollution basing on empirical research of panel data of 268 cities[D].Tianjin:Nankai University,2015.

[21]

邵咪咪.中国城市化和工业化阶段的环境污染因素及应对策略[D].南京:南京大学,2011. Shao M M.China's environmental pollution under urbanization and industrialization process,influence factors and abatement policies[D].Nanjing:Nanjing University,2011.

[22]

杨柳青青.产业格局、人口集聚、空间溢出与中国城市生态效率[D].武汉:华中科技大学,2017. Yang L Q Q.Industrial pattern,population agglomeration,spatial spillover and city ecological efficiency in China[D].Wuhan:Huangzhong University of Science and Technology,2017.

[23]

高明,郭施宏,夏玲玲.福州市城市化进程与大气污染关系研究[J].环境污染与防治,2015,37(5):44-49.

Gao M,Guo S H,Xia L L.Relationship between urbanization and air pollution in Fuzhou city[J].Environmental Pollution and Prevention,2015,37(5):44-49.

[24]

吴玥弢,仲伟周.城市化与大气污染——基于西安市的经验分析[J].当代经济科学,2015,37(3):71-79.

Wu Y T,Zhong W Z.Urbanization and atmospheric pollution-based on the empirical analysis of Xi'an City[J].Modern Economic Science,2015,37(3):71-79.

[25]

李景刚,张效军,高艳梅,等.基于改进熵值模型的城市土地集约利用动态评价——以广州市为例[J].地域研究与开发,2012,31(4):118-123.

Li J G,Zhang X J,Gao Y M,et al.Dynamic analysis and evaluation on the degree of urban land intensive use based on improved entropy model:A case of Guangzhou City[J].Area Research and Development,2012,31(4):118-123.

[26]

周瑾.基于熵值法的上海市大气污染排放水平综合评价研究[J].上海节能,2020(10):1141-1144. Zhou J.Research on comprehensive evaluation of Shanghai air pollution emission level based on entropy evaluation method[J].Shanghai Energy Conservation,2020

(10):1141-1144.

[27]

李小胜,宋马林,安庆贤.中国经济增长对环境污染影响的异质性研究[J].南开经济研究,2013(5):96-114. Li X S,Song M L,An Q X.The heterogeneity research of the impact of China's economic growth on environmental pollution[J].Nankai Economic Studies,2013

(5):96-114.

[28]

Cole M A,Rayner A J,Bates J M.The Environmental Kuznets Curve:An empirical analysis[J].Environment and Development,1997,2(4):433-450.

[29]

刘满芝,杨继贤,马丁,等.基于LMDI模型的中国主要大气污染物的空间差异及其影响因素分析[J].资源科学,2015,37(2):333-341.

Liu MZ,Yang J X,Ma D,et al.Spatial disparity and factor analysis of major air pollutant emission in China based on LMDI methods[J].Resource Science,2015,37(2):333-341.

[30]

Fujii H,Managi S,Kaneko S.Decomposition analysis of air pollution abatement in China:Empirical study for ten industrial sectors from 1998 to 2009[J].Journal of Cleaner Production,2013,59(15):22-31.

[31]

Wu L,Zeng W.Research on the contribution of structure adjustment on SO2 emissions reduction——Case study Shijingshan District,Beijing[J].Procedia Environmental Sciences,2013,18:849-855.

[32]

赵惠,吴金希.基于环境库兹涅茨曲线的京冀区际环境污染转移的测度研究[J].中国人口·资源与环境,2020,30(5):90-97.

Zhao H,Wu J X.Measurement of environmental pollution transfer in Beijing-Hebei Region based on the Environmental Kuznets Curve[J].China Population,Resources and Environment,2020,30(5):90-97.

[33]

Pfaff A,Chaudhuri S,Nye H.Household production and Environmental Kuznets Curves-examining the desirability and feasibility of substitution[J].Environmental & Resource Economics,2004,27(2):187-200.

[34]

林伯强,蒋竺均.中国二氧化碳的环境库兹涅茨曲线预测及影响因素分析[J].管理世界,2009(4):27-36. Lin B Q,Jiang Z J.Environmental Kuznets Curve prediction and influence factor analysis of Carbon dioxide in China[J].Management World,2009

(4):27-36.

[35]

高宏霞,杨林,付海东.中国各省经济增长与环境污染关系的研究与预测[J].经济学动态,2012(1):52-57. Gao H X,Yang L,Fu H D.Research and forecast on the relationship between economic growth and environmental pollution in Chinese provinces[J].Economic Perspectives,2012

(1):52-57.

[36]

陈佳贵,黄群慧,钟宏武.中国地区工业化进程的综合评价和特征分析[J].经济研究,2006(6):4-15. Chen J G,Huang Q H,Zhong H W.The synthetic evaluation and analysis on regional industrialization[J].Economic Research,2006

(6):4-15.

[37]

Shafik N,Bandyopadhyay S.Economic growth and environment quality:Time-series and cross-country evidence[R].World Bank,1992.

相似文献(共20条)

[1]

路远发, 朱家平, 汪群英. 基于不确定度连续传递模型的标准曲线双误差拟合程序. 岩矿测试, 2011, 30(2): 238-243.

[2]

韩彬, 辛明, 陈发荣, 李培昌, 宋转玲, 王小如. 胶州湾东北部海域生态环境污染状况研究. 岩矿测试, 2009, 28(6): 524-528.

[3]

焦杏春, 叶传永, 武振艳, 罗松光, 刘煜. 多环芳烃在水稻籽粒中的分布及其与环境介质含量的关系. 岩矿测试, 2010, 29(4): 331-334.

[4]

王存龙, 郑伟军, 王红晋, 曾宪东, 季顺乐. 山东烟台环境介质中重金属元素富集特征及与酸化土壤的关系. 岩矿测试, 2012, 31(2): 361-369.

[5]

赵素利, 祁鹏, 孙红宾. 室内空气中甲醛和苯与温湿度及大气压关系的统计分析. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(2): 158-160.

[6]

R, Jaffe, 郎庆勇. 大气有机污染分析和评价:Ⅲ.美国迈阿密市大气有机污染监测与分析. 岩矿测试, 1997, (2): 118-127.

[7]

冉敬, 杜谷, 王凤玉. X射线衍射全谱拟合法快速分析长石矿物含量. 岩矿测试, 2017, 36(5): 489-494. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201610110154

[8]

冉敬, 郭创锋, 杜谷, 王凤玉. X射线衍射全谱拟合法分析蓝晶石的矿物含量. 岩矿测试, 2019, 38(6): 660-667. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201902220025

[9]

王祖荫. 相板乳剂特性曲线曝光不足部分的数学模拟. 岩矿测试, 1985, (3): 257-259.

[10]

李迎春, 陈永君, 詹秀春, 郑妙子, 周伟, 李冰. 地质样品X射线荧光分析中的背景相关曲线及其应用. 岩矿测试, 2003, (3): 161-164.

[11]

黄剑锋, 羊俊, 贺海燕, 吴建鹏. X射线衍射物相定量分析内标法标准曲线库的建立. 岩矿测试, 2006, 25(3): 215-218.

[12]

薛 雍, 江向峰, 钟玉锋. 标准曲线法X射线粉晶衍射直接分析滑石中微量石棉. 岩矿测试, 2010, 29(3): 322-324.

[13]

吴宏伟, 张燕平. 地质背景与信阳茶叶关系的探讨. 岩矿测试, 2007, 26(4): 313-316.

[14]

郎庆勇. 大气有机污染分析和评价:Ⅱ.几种常见有机污染源及其评价. 岩矿测试, 1995, (4): 274-280.

[15]

李玉武, 刘咸德. 用蒙特卡洛模拟法计算正交最小二乘法拟合参数的标准偏差. 岩矿测试, 2002, (1): 24-28.

[16]

傅翠梨, 卢成浩, 张蓉, 黄平平, 吴浩, 罗学涛, 李锦堂. 铬天青S光度法及非线性拟合测定高纯硅中微量铝. 岩矿测试, 2012, 31(1): 132-137.

[17]

安茂国, 赵庆令, 谭现锋, 王永刚, 李清彩. 化学还原-稳定化联合修复铬污染场地土壤的效果研究. 岩矿测试, 2019, 38(2): 204-211. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201806040068

[18]

郎庆勇. 大气有机污染分析和评价 Ⅰ.采样方法及采样误差. 岩矿测试, 1994, (3): 220-226.

[19]

李勤奋, 施小清, 江思珉, 徐清, 李金柱, 方正, 何中发, 夏晨, 刘晓端. 城市土壤中有机和无机组分相关性研究初探. 岩矿测试, 2007, 26(4): 309-312.

[20]

黄剑锋, 朱广燕, 吴建鹏, 曹丽云, 贺海燕. 无机材料中24种组分X射线衍射物相定量分析外标法标准曲线库的建立. 岩矿测试, 2007, 26(5): 398-400.

计量
  • PDF下载量(1)
  • 文章访问量(536)
  • 被引次数(0)
目录

Figures And Tables

京津冀主要大城市经济发展中城市化与大气环境质量的关系

杨晓燕, 贾秋淼, 孙大利, 胡永锋, 吕晓剑