【引用本文】 李瑞亮, 金正耀, 陈彪, 等. 铅同位素比值法研究辽宁东大杖子战国墓地出土铜器的矿料来源[J]. 岩矿测试, 2018, 37(6): 618-625. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201803220027
LI Rui-liang , JIN Zheng-yao , CHEN Biao , et al. Lead Isotope Study on the Source of Copper Material for Bronze Vessels in Dongdazhangzi Warring States Period Cemetery, Liaoning Province[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2018, 37(6): 618-625. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201803220027

铅同位素比值法研究辽宁东大杖子战国墓地出土铜器的矿料来源

1. 安徽博物院文物科技保护中心, 安徽 合肥 230061;

2. 中国科学技术大学科技考古实验室, 安徽 合肥 230026;

3. 南京博物院文物保护研究所, 江苏 南京 210016;

4. 辽宁省文物考古研究所第二考古研究部, 辽宁 沈阳 110003;

5. 合肥市师范学院化学与化学工程学院, 安徽 合肥 230009

收稿日期: 2018-03-22  修回日期: 2018-06-11 

基金项目: 国家社会科学基金项目(15BKG008)

作者简介: 李瑞亮,硕士,从事科技考古与金属文物保护工作。E-mail:ablrl@qq.com。。

通讯作者:

Lead Isotope Study on the Source of Copper Material for Bronze Vessels in Dongdazhangzi Warring States Period Cemetery, Liaoning Province

1. Cultural Conservation Center, Anhui Museum, Hefei 230061, China;

2. Archaeometry Laboratory, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China;

3. Institute of Cultural Heritage Conservation, Nanjing Museum, Nanjing 210016, China;

4. The Second Department of Archaeological Research, Liaoning Provincial Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Shenyang 110003, China;

5. Department of Chemical and Chemical Engineering, Hefei Normal University, Hefei 230009, China

Corresponding author: LI Na , 从事材料制备与表征工作。sdjnlina@163.com。

Received Date: 2018-03-22
Revised Date: 2018-06-11

摘要:东大杖子墓地作为辽宁乃至东北亚地区等级极高的战国时期墓地,自发掘以来一直受到学术界的高度关注,前期的研究工作主要集中在墓葬以及随葬品类型学、文化性质等方面,缺乏对该墓地出土青铜器矿料来源的研究。本文采用电感耦合等离子体发射光谱仪、扫描电镜能谱仪和表面电离型固体质谱仪对该墓地出土的7件青铜样品进行了成分和铅同位素比值分析。成分测试结果显示7件样品中有4件为铅锡青铜,2件为锡青铜,1件未知,器物功用和合金性能基本相匹配;铅同位素示踪结果显示部分器物的铜料不大可能来自内蒙古林西大井、辽宁红透山以及山西中条山等铜矿;5件铅含量大于2%的样品铅同位素比值206Pb/204Pb、207Pb/204Pb、208Pb/204Pb变化范围分别为17.685~17.941、15.530~15.612、38.080~38.404,其铅料来自辽宁青城子铅锌矿的可能性极大。本研究有助于探索辽宁东大杖子战国墓地出土铜器的矿料来源,同时为研究战国时期辽西与辽东半岛的金属资源贸易和流通以及辽东半岛资源开发历史提供了科学的证据。

关键词: 青铜器, 合金技术, 矿料来源, 青城子铅锌矿, 电感耦合等离子体发射光谱仪, 扫描电镜-能谱仪, 表面电离型固体质谱仪

Lead Isotope Study on the Source of Copper Material for Bronze Vessels in Dongdazhangzi Warring States Period Cemetery, Liaoning Province

KEY WORDS: bronze ware, alloy technology, mineral provenance, Qingchengzi lead-zinc deposit, Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrometer, Scanning Electron Microscopy-Energy Disperse Spectrometer, Surface Ionization Solid Mass Spectrometer

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铅同位素比值法研究辽宁东大杖子战国墓地出土铜器的矿料来源

李瑞亮, 金正耀, 陈彪, 田建花, 万欣, 李娜