【引用本文】 刘妹, 顾铁新, 潘含江, 等. 泛滥平原沉积物标准物质研制[J]. 岩矿测试, 2018, 37(5): 558-571. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201801080002
LIU Mei, GU Tie-xin, PAN Han-jiang, et al. Preparation of Seven Certified Reference Materials for Floodplain Sediments[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2018, 37(5): 558-571. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201801080002

泛滥平原沉积物标准物质研制

中国地质科学院地球物理地球化学勘查研究所, 自然资源部地球化学探测技术重点实验室, 河北 廊坊 065000

收稿日期: 2018-01-08  修回日期: 2018-03-30  接受日期: 2018-06-11

基金项目: 中国地质调查局地质调查工作项目“地质矿产实验测试标准物质研制”(12120113022700)

作者简介: 刘妹, 硕士, 高级工程师, 从事地球化学标准物质研制与质量监控研究。E-mail:liumei1009@163.com

Preparation of Seven Certified Reference Materials for Floodplain Sediments

Institute of Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences; Key Laboratory of Geochemical Exploration Technology, Ministry of Natural Resources, Langfang 065000, China

Received Date: 2018-01-08
Revised Date: 2018-03-30
Accepted Date: 2018-06-11

摘要:泛滥平原沉积物能代表流域内元素的平均分布规律并具有普遍的适用性,是地球化学填图工作的重要介质。目前国际上尚无泛滥平原沉积物标准物质,国外相似标准物质的研制注重于环境方面,定值成分较少;我国同类的土壤和水系沉积物标准物质受限于不同工作需要,研制目的各不相同,且多数标准物质不足。为满足需求,本文研制了长江流域、赣江流域、汉水流域、淮河流域、黄河流域、海河流域、黑龙江流域共7个泛滥平原沉积物国家一级标准物质(编号为GBW07385~GBW07391)。此系列标准物质采用X射线荧光光谱压片法测试了26种成分,主量成分的RSD小于1%,微量元素的RSD约为2%,所有成分的RSD均小于7%,方差检验的F值均小于临界值F0.05(24,25)=1.96,表明样品的均匀性良好。在23个月的考察期内,检验的24种成分未发现统计学意义的明显变化,证明样品的稳定性良好。由全国13家实验室采用不同原理的、可靠的多种分析方法共同完成了73种元素和化合物共511个特性成分的定值测试,除GBW07386和GBW07388的CO2未能赋值外,其余494个特性成分给出了认定值与不确定度,15个特性成分给出了参考值,是我国同类标准物质定值最为齐全的一个系列。该系列标准物质代表了各自流域元素的背景含量,适用于多目标地球化学调查、土地质量地球化学调查等样品的分析质量监控,亦可用作环境、农业等领域相关样品测试的量值和质量监控标准。

关键词: 标准物质, 泛滥平原沉积物, 质量监控

要点

(1) 研制了7种泛滥平原沉积物成分分析标准物质。

(2) 泛滥平原沉积物标准物质定值成分达73种。

(3) 认证值的不确定度由均匀性、稳定性和定值三部分引起的不确定度合成。

(4) 泛滥平原沉积物分别代表了长江流域、赣江流域、汉水流域、淮河流域、黄河流域、海河流域、黑龙江流域元素的背景含量。

Preparation of Seven Certified Reference Materials for Floodplain Sediments

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:

Floodplain sediment, which is an important sampling media for geochemical mapping, can represent the average distribution of elements in the basins and has universal applicability. At present, there is no floodplain sediment reference material in the world. The development of similar standards in foreign countries focuses on the environment, and there are fewer fixed components. The same standards for soil and river sediments in China are limited by different work needs, and the development aims are different. Most of the standard substances are insufficient.

METHODS:

A series of reference materials was tested using X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry to measure 26 components. The RSD of the main components was less than 1%, the RSD of minor elements was 2% and the RSD of trace components was less than 7%. The F value of the variance test was less than the list threshold F0.05(24,25)=1.96, indicating that all seven materials were homogeneous. No significant statistical changes were found in the 24 elements and compounds tested within 23 months, indicating that the stability of these materials were stable. Thirteen laboratories have participated in this inter-laboratory program, and have adopted various reliable analytical methods based on different principles to set the values.

RESULTS:

A total of 511 characteristic components, including 73 elements and compounds, have been tested. In addition to the CO2 values of GBW07386 and GBW07388 that cannot be assigned, the remaining 494 characteristic components are given the certified value and uncertainty, and 15 characteristic components are given information value. The trace elements in GSS-29 have the mostly high background contents. The trace elements in GSS-30 have medium background values, and the contents of W, Sn and Mo are relatively high. The contents of Cd and Mo in GSS-31 are relatively high. The trace elements in GSS-32 have low background contents, and the contents of Cd, Hg, Mo, N, S and P are lower than the background level. The content of Hg in GSS-33 is very low. The trace elements in GSS-34 have the mostly medium and high background levels, and the contents of F, Cl and Br are relatively high. The organic matter content of GSS-35 is relatively high.

CONCLUSIONS:

The seven reference materials for floodplain sediments have been certified by the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of the People's Republic of China (AQSIQ) in 2017. This series of floodplain sediment certified reference materials (GBW07385-GBW07391) represents the background values of the elements of each corresponding drainage area. It can be used for monitoring the quality of geochemical sample analysis or the quality of sample analysis in other fields, such as environment and agriculture.

KEY WORDS: reference material, floodplain sediment, quality monitoring

HIGHLIGHTS

(1) Preparation of certified reference materials for seven floodplain sediments.

(2) Seventy-three elements or compounds in the seven floodplain sediments were characterized as certified values.

(3) The uncertainty of a certificated value is synthesized by the uncertainties caused by homogeneity, stability and values.

(4) Floodplain sediments represent the background contents of elements in the Yangtze River, Lancangjiang River, Hanshui River, Huaihe River, Yellow River, Haihe River and Heilongjiang River, respectively.

本文参考文献

[1]

谢学锦,李善芳,吴传璧. 二十世纪中国化探(1950-2000)[M] . 北京: 地质出版社, 2009: 35-41.

Xie X J,Li S F,Wu C B. Exploration Geochemistry in China (1950-2000)[M] . Beijing: Geological Publishing House, 2009: 35-41.
[2]

王学求. 矿产勘查地球化学:过去的成就与未来的挑战[J]. 地学前缘, 2003, 10(1): 239-248. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-2321.2003.01.028

Wang X Q. Exploration geochemistry:Past achievements and future challenges[J].Earth Science Frontiers, 2003, 10(1): 239-248. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-2321.2003.01.028

[3]

胡云沪, 江望, 阳明, 等. 甘肃花石山金矿区综合化探异常特征及找矿预测[J]. 桂林理工大学学报, 2013, 33(2): 209-216. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-9057.2013.02.003

Hu Y H, Jiang W, Yang M, et al. Integrated geochemical anomaly characteristics and Huashishan gold deposit prediction in Gansu[J].Journal of Guilin University of Technology, 2013, 33(2): 209-216. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1674-9057.2013.02.003

[4]

杨少平, 弓秋丽, 文志刚, 等. 地球化学勘查新技术应用研究[J]. 地质学报, 2010, 185(11): 1844-1877.

Yang S P, Gong Q L, Wen Z G, et al. Application research of the new technologies for geochemical survey[J]. Acta Geologica Sinica, 2010, 185(11): 1844-1877.

[5]

Xie X J, Ren T X. National geochemical mapping and environmental geochemistry-Progress in China[J].Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 1993, 49(1-2): 15-34. doi: 10.1016/0375-6742(93)90037-M

[6]

Xie X J. Analytical requirements in international geoche-mical mapping[J].Analyst, 1993, 120(5): 1497-1504.

[7]

Xie X J, Mu X Z, Ren T X, et al. Geochemical mapping in China[J].Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 1997, 60(1): 99-113. doi: 10.1016/S0375-6742(97)00029-0

[8]

Xie X J, Wang J P, Zhu B G, et al. Comparison of geochemical maps generated by laboratories using different analytical methods[J].Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 1987, 29(1): 440-441.

[9]

谢学锦, 任天祥. 中国新的全国性地球化学普查与填图计划[C]//国际交流地质学术论文集, 1985: 301-316.

Xie X J, Ren T X. China's New National Geochemical Reconnaissance and Mapping Activity[C]//Proceedings of International Geological Academic Exchange, 1985: 301-316.

[10]

鄢明才, 顾铁新, 程志中, 等. 地球化学标准物质的研制与应用[J]. 物探化探计算技术, 2007, 29(Supplement): 257-261.

Yan M C, Gu T X, Cheng Z Z, et al. Development and application of geochemical reference materials[J]. Computing Techniques for Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2007, 29(Supplement): 257-261.

[11]

谢学锦, 任天祥, 奚小环, 等. 中国区域化探全国扫面计划卅年[J]. 地球学报, 2009, 30(6): 700-716. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1006-3021.2009.06.003

Xie X J, Ren T X, Xi X H, et al. The implementation of the Regional Geochemistry-National Recon-Naissance Program (RGNR) in China in the past thirty years[J].Acta Geoscientica Sinica, 2009, 30(6): 700-716. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1006-3021.2009.06.003

[12]

谢学锦, 成杭新, 谢渊如, 等. 川滇黔桂76种元素地球化学图编制中分析方法与分析质量研究(一)不同实验室产生地球化学图的相似性——以Ag、Cs、Ga、Ge为例[J]. 地质通报, 2002, 21(6): 277-284. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1671-2552.2002.06.001

Xie X J, Cheng H X, Xie Y R, et al. Analytic methods and quality in the compilation of 76 elements geochemical atlas of Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi Provinces of China (1):Similarity of geochemical maps compiled from data generated by different laboratories-Examples from Ag, Cs, Ga, and Ge analyses[J].Geological Bulletin of China, 2002, 21(6): 277-284. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1671-2552.2002.06.001

[13]

谢学锦, 叶家瑜, 鄢明才, 等. 川滇黔桂76种元素地球化学图编制中分析方法与分析质量研究(三)考核不同实验室分析质量的新方法[J]. 地质通报, 2003, 22(1): 1-11. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1671-2552.2003.01.001

Xie X J, Ye J Y, Yan M C, et al. Analytic methods and quality in the compilation of 76 elements geochemical atlas of Sichuan, Yunnan, Guizhou, Guangxi Provinces of China (3):New proficiency test for analytical laboratories involved in environmental geochemical mapping[J].Geological Bulletin of China, 2003, 22(1): 1-11. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1671-2552.2003.01.001

[14]

叶家瑜, 姚岚. 区域地球化学调查样品分析质量控制方法探讨[J]. 岩矿测试, 2004, 23(2): 137-147. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0254-5357.2004.02.012

Ye J Y, Yao L. Discussion of quality control method for the analysis of samples in regional geochemical survey[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2004, 23(2): 137-147. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0254-5357.2004.02.012

[15]

叶家瑜. 致谢学锦院士的一封信[J]. 地质通报, 2002, 21(12): 907.

Ye J Y. A letter to academician XIE Xuejing[J]. Geological Bulletin of China, 2002, 21(12): 907.

[16]

程志中, 刘妹, 张勤, 等. 水系沉积物标准物质研制[J]. 岩矿测试, 2011, 30(6): 714-722. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0254-5357.2011.06.012

Cheng Z Z, Liu M, Zhang Q, et al. Preparation of geochemical reference materials of stream sediments[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2011, 30(6): 714-722. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0254-5357.2011.06.012

[17]

The international database for certified reference materials[DB/OL]. http://www.comar.bam.de/en/.

[18]

全国标准物质管理委员会. 中华人民共和国标准物质目录[M] . 北京: 中国计量出版社, 2016

National Administrative Committee for CRM's . Catalogue of Reference Materials in the People's Republic of China[M] . Beijing: China Metrology Publishing House, 2016
[19]

成杭新, 杨忠芳, 奚小环, 等. 新一轮全球地球化学填图:中国的机遇和挑战[J]. 地学前缘, 2008, 15(5): 9-22. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-2321.2008.05.002

Cheng H X, Yang Z F, Xi X H, et al. A new round of global geochemical mapping:Opportunity and challenge to China[J].Earth Science Frontiers, 2008, 15(5): 9-22. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1005-2321.2008.05.002

[20]

刘红艳, 王学求, 程志中, 等. 中国与欧洲全球尺度地球化学填图分析方法的对比[J]. 吉林大学学报(地球科学版), 2007, 37(4): 678-683.

Liu H Y, Wang X Q, Cheng Z Z, et al. Comparison of analytical method on global scale international geochemical mapping between China and Europe[J]. Journal of Jilin University (Earth Science Edition), 2007, 37(4): 678-683.

[21]

鄢明才, 翟军校, 王春书, 等. 地球化学水系沉积物标准参考样品的制备[J]. 物探与化探, 1981, (6): 321-333.

Yan M C, Zhai J X, Wang C S, et al. Preparation of geochemical standard reference samples for stream sediments[J]. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 1981, (6): 321-333.

[22]

茅祖兴. XRF检验标准物质中痕量元素的均匀性[J]. 分析测试学报, 1994, 13(3): 19-23.

Mao Z X. Test of homogeneity for trace elements in certified reference materials by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry[J]. Journal of Instrumental Analysis, 1994, 13(3): 19-23.

[23]

李国会, 樊守忠. X射线荧光光谱法在标准物质均匀性检验中的应用[J]. 地质实验室, 1995, 11(1): 40-43.

Li G H, Fan S Z. Application of X-ray fluorescence method in test for homogeneity of reference materials[J]. Dizhi Shiyanshi, 1995, 11(1): 40-43.

[24]

罗立强,吴晓军. 现代地质与地球化学分析研究进展[M] . 北京: 地质出版社, 2014: 417

Luo L Q,Wu X J. Advances in Geoanalysis[M] . Beijing: Geological Publishing House, 2014: 417
[25]

刘妹, 顾铁新, 程志中, 等. 10个土壤有效态成分分析标准物质研制[J]. 岩矿测试, 2011, 30(5): 536-544. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0254-5357.2011.05.004

Liu M, Gu T X, Cheng Z Z, et al. Ten reference materials for available nutrients of agricultural soils[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2011, 30(5): 536-544. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0254-5357.2011.05.004

[26]

刘妹, 顾铁新, 史长义, 等. 我国主要土壤类型元素地球化学形态成分标准物质研制[J]. 物探与化探, 2008, 32(5): 492-496.

Liu M, Gu T X, Shi C Y, et al. The preparation of geochemical speciation certified reference materials for main soil types of China[J]. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration, 2008, 32(5): 492-496.

[27]

Gu T X, Bu W, Yan W D, et al. New series of soil geochemical reference materials (GSS 10-16) from the main overburden region in China[J]. Geostandards Newsletter, 2003, 27(7): 197-202.

[28]

Wang C S, Gu T X, Chi Q H, et al. New series of rock and sediment geochemical reference materials[J]. Geostandards Newsletter, 2001, 25(3): 145-152.

[29]

程志中, 黄宏库, 刘妹, 等. 大米成分分析标准物质的研制[J]. 化学分析计量, 2011, 20(3): 7-10. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-6145.2011.03.002

Cheng Z Z, Huang H K, Liu M, et al. Preparation of reference materials for rice component analysis[J].Chemical Analysis and Meterage, 2011, 20(3): 7-10. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1008-6145.2011.03.002

[30]

全浩,韩永志. 标准物质及其应用技术(第二版)[M] . 北京: 中国标准出版社, 2003: 231

Quan H,Han Y Z. Reference Materials and Their Applied Technology (2nd Edition)[M] . Beijing: China Standard Publishing House, 2003: 231
[31]

鄢明才. 地球化学标准物质标准值不确定度估算探讨[J]. 岩矿测试, 2001, 20(4): 287-293. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0254-5357.2001.04.011

Yan M C. Discussion on estimation of uncertainty of certified values from geochemical standard reference materials[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2001, 20(4): 287-293. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0254-5357.2001.04.011

相似文献(共19条)

[1]

李曼, 王连和. 区域地球化学样品分析质量管理计算机控制. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(3): 219-222.

[2]

蔡玉曼. 硅钼蓝分光光度法测定钛铁矿中二氧化硅不确定度评定. 岩矿测试, 2008, 27(2): 123-126.

[3]

白亚之, 朱爱美, 崔菁菁, 施美娟, 高晶晶, 张俊. 中国近海沉积物氮和有机碳标准物质的研制. 岩矿测试, 2014, 33(1): 74-80.

[4]

程志中, 刘妹, 张勤, 顾铁新, 黄宏库. 水系沉积物标准物质研制. 岩矿测试, 2011, 30(6): 714-722.

[5]

余必胜, 张自超. 同位素地质样品分析的质量监控与质量评估. 岩矿测试, 2000, (2): 137-141.

[6]

. 硫化物矿物标准物质的研制. 岩矿测试, 1995, (2): 81-113.

[7]

高玉淑, 王毅民. 世界大洋锰结核及沉积物标准物质评价. 岩矿测试, 1997, (3): 183-195.

[8]

辛文彩, 夏宁, 徐磊, 朱志刚. 长江三角洲沉积物标准物质研制. 岩矿测试, 2017, 36(4): 388-395. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.201609210141

[9]

陈立军, 汪涛. 1:20万区域化探样品的分析测试质量监控. 岩矿测试, 2004, (2): 143-147.

[10]

杨锦发. 多目标生态地球化学土壤样品高精度测试与质量监控. 岩矿测试, 2007, 26(1): 36-39.

[11]

赵玉岩, 陆继龙, 郝立波, 孙立吉, 王连和. 基于网络的地球化学样品分析管理和质量监控系统. 岩矿测试, 2010, 29(6): 727-732.

[12]

秦德谛, 贺行良, 张媛媛, 李凤, 陈宇峰, 张培玉. 渤海东海海洋沉积物中碳氮稳定同位素标准物质研制. 岩矿测试, 2017, 36(1): 75-81. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.2017.01.011

[13]

唐肖玫, 郭茂生. 铁矿石物相分析标准物质的研制. 岩矿测试, 1996, (4): 311-318.

[14]

刘玉龙, 夏凡, 张洪志. 挥发性有机污染物标准物质使用的短期稳定性评价. 岩矿测试, 2012, 31(4): 647-652.

[15]

滕云业, 王毅民. 大洋多金属结核及深海沉积物标准物质研制工作简述. 岩矿测试, 1997, (3): 161-169.

[16]

周红, 王峰, 余侃萍, 王凯, 郭茂生, 叶青. 金矿石化学物相分析标准物质的研制. 岩矿测试, 2006, 25(3): 263-269.

[17]

查向平, 龚冰, 郑永飞. 低质量数元素同位素在线连续流同位素比值质谱分析的质量控制和数据标准化. 岩矿测试, 2014, 33(4): 453-467.

[18]

金秉慧. 今日的地质标准物质. 岩矿测试, 1992, (1): 130-141.

[19]

Mineral, of, Rock, Resources, Analysis, 100037), and, of, geology, and, Beijing, (Institute, mineral, Ministry. 岩石标准物质的研制. 岩矿测试, 1995, (2): 114-161.

计量
  • PDF下载量(5)
  • 文章访问量(57)
  • HTML全文浏览量(13)
  • 被引次数(0)
目录

Figures And Tables

泛滥平原沉积物标准物质研制

刘妹, 顾铁新, 潘含江, 孙彬彬, 黄宏库, 杨榕, 鄢卫东