【引用本文】 徐春霞, 孟郁苗, 黄诚, 等. 汞同位素地球化学研究及其在矿床学中的应用进展[J]. 岩矿测试, 2021, 40(2): 173-186. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.202009210125
XU Chun-xia , MENG Yu-miao , HUANG Cheng , et al. Advances in the Study on Mercury Isotope Geochemistry and Its Application in Mineral Deposits[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2021, 40(2): 173-186. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.202009210125

汞同位素地球化学研究及其在矿床学中的应用进展

1. 南昌工程学院水利与生态工程学院, 江西 南昌 330099;

2. 中国科学院地球化学研究所, 矿床地球化学国家重点实验室, 贵州 贵阳 550081

收稿日期: 2020-09-21  修回日期: 2020-12-07 

基金项目: 江西省教育厅科技项目(GJJ190972);江西省教育厅科技项目(GJJ190971);江西省自然科学基金项目(20171BAB213027,20181BAB213016);贵州省一般项目(黔科合基础[2017]1197)

作者简介: 徐春霞,博士,讲师,主要从事矿床地球化学的研究。E-mail:xuchunxia_nit@163.com。

Advances in the Study on Mercury Isotope Geochemistry and Its Application in Mineral Deposits

1. School of Hydraulic and Ecological Engineering, Nanchang Institute of Technology, Nanchang 330099, China;

2. State Key Laboratory of Ore Deposit Geochemistry, Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Guiyang 550081, China

Received Date: 2020-09-21
Revised Date: 2020-12-07

摘要:汞作为一种重要的成矿元素,广泛分布于不同地质体中,并参与成岩成矿作用。随着质谱技术的飞跃发展,汞同位素地球化学研究取得了引人瞩目的进展。汞同位素被广泛地用于示踪地球表生生物地球化学过程及汞污染等。近年来,汞同位素又被应用到揭示行星的演化过程、识别地质历史时期大火成岩省及示踪矿床成矿物质来源等方面。本文在前人的研究基础上,对不同地质储库汞同位素组成进行了系统总结。陨石、岩浆岩、变质岩、沉积岩、火山气体等地质储库汞同位素组成变化较大,部分样品还显示非质量分馏信息。本文着重介绍了低温热液矿床(现代热泉、汞矿床、铅锌矿床、锑矿床、金矿床)汞的赋存状态及同位素组成特征,构筑了汞同位素体系的基本格架。结合最新的研究成果,较全面的总结了矿床成矿过程中可能会发生的汞同位素分馏机制。热液矿床中汞同位素的质量分馏可能由流体挥发或者沸腾作用、冷凝作用、氧化还原反应、硫化物沉淀等引起。岩矿石中汞同位素的非质量分馏信息可能是地质历史时期汞光化学作用的产物,或者是继承某一特定的源岩信息所致。因此,未来汞同位素在示踪低温热液矿床的成矿物质来源、刻画成矿流体演化过程方面具有较大的应用潜力。

关键词: 汞同位素, 同位素分馏, 示踪成矿过程, 地质储库, 热液矿床

Advances in the Study on Mercury Isotope Geochemistry and Its Application in Mineral Deposits

KEY WORDS: mercury isotopes, isotopic fractionation, tracing ore-forming processes, geological reservoirs, hydrothermal deposit

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汞同位素地球化学研究及其在矿床学中的应用进展

徐春霞, 孟郁苗, 黄诚, 唐春, 郑芳文