【引用本文】 张然, 叶丽娟, 党飞鹏, 等. 自动矿物分析技术在鄂尔多斯盆地砂岩型铀矿矿物鉴定和赋存状态研究中的应用[J]. 岩矿测试, 2021, 40(1): 61-73. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.202005130071
ZHANG Ran , YE Li-juan , DANG Peng-fei , et al. Application of Automatic Mineral Analysis Technology to Identify Minerals and Occurrences of Elements in Sandstone-type Uranium Deposits in the Ordos Basin[J]. Rock and Mineral Analysis, 2021, 40(1): 61-73. doi: 10.15898/j.cnki.11-2131/td.202005130071

自动矿物分析技术在鄂尔多斯盆地砂岩型铀矿矿物鉴定和赋存状态研究中的应用

1. 中国地质调查局天津地质调查中心, 天津 300170;

2. 中国地质调查局铀矿地质重点实验室, 天津 300170;

3. 核工业二七0研究所, 江西 南昌 330200;

4. 河南省岩石矿物测试中心, 河南 郑州 450012

收稿日期: 2020-05-13  修回日期: 2020-07-03 

基金项目: 国家重点研发计划深部矿产资源勘查增储应用示范重点专项项目(2018YFC0604200);国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目(2015CB453000);中国地质调查局地质调查项目(12120115013501,DD20190121)

作者简介: 张然,硕士,助理工程师,主要从事成因矿物学与找矿矿物学研究。E-mail:rayna_zhang@126.com。。

Application of Automatic Mineral Analysis Technology to Identify Minerals and Occurrences of Elements in Sandstone-type Uranium Deposits in the Ordos Basin

1. Tianjin Center of China Geological Survey, Tianjin 300170, China;

2. No. 270 Research Institute of Nuclear Industry, Jiangxi 330200, China;

3. Henan Province Rock & Minerals Testing Center, Henan 450012, China;

4. Key Laboratory of Uranium Geology, China Geological Survey, Tianjin 300170, China

Received Date: 2020-05-13
Revised Date: 2020-07-03

摘要:鄂尔多斯盆地是我国重要的砂岩型铀矿成矿区之一。铀矿物赋存状态研究对砂岩型铀矿的成因认识、找矿勘查及选冶开采具有重要意义,但其矿物组成复杂,铀矿物粒度细小、种类繁多且赋存状态多样,致使研究初始的鉴定阶段就存在难点。目前普遍使用放射性照相法和电子探针(EMPA)两种方法开展铀矿物鉴定分析工作。放射性照相可一次性得到光片中所有铀矿物赋存位置、赋存状态和放射性形态,但无法鉴定矿物种类,耗时较长且需在暗室中进行;电子探针可得到铀矿物背散射图像和各元素含量,但在高倍数下薄片中寻找含量少、粒度小的铀矿物费时费力,并且在黑白背散射图像中无法快速判断伴生矿物种类。本文以鄂尔多斯盆地北缘-南缘-西缘砂岩型铀矿为研究对象,将自动矿物分析系统(AMICS)运用于砂岩型铀基础研究中,鉴定出研究区铀矿物有铀石、晶质铀矿、沥青铀矿和硅钙铀矿,黄铁矿和钛氧化物与铀矿物关系密切,识别出其他伴生矿物还有石英、金红石、长石、云母、高岭石等。本文建立了AMICS-SEM-EDS分析方法,实现了铀矿物及其共生矿物组合的快速识别鉴定、赋存状态研究。

关键词: 自动矿物分析系统, 能谱分析, 砂岩型铀矿, 矿物鉴定, 铀矿物赋存状态, 鄂尔多斯盆地

Application of Automatic Mineral Analysis Technology to Identify Minerals and Occurrences of Elements in Sandstone-type Uranium Deposits in the Ordos Basin

KEY WORDS: automatic mineral analysis system, EDS, sandstone type uranium deposit, mineral identification, occurrence of uranium minerals, Ordos Basin

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自动矿物分析技术在鄂尔多斯盆地砂岩型铀矿矿物鉴定和赋存状态研究中的应用

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